Cyber Physical System Design

Cyber Physical System Design

DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-7312-0.ch003


A large set of CPS physical processes are referred to as Cyber Physical System community. This CPS community deals with the modelling and design optimization of CPS. The network elements that are model-based emphasize control over system with various temporal semantics. Model-based design is a great technique for CPSs and are mainly used for developing mathematical modelling to plan, examine, prove, and certify dynamic systems. This is described in ten fundamental steps. This design methodology helps in assessing the development of CPS. Due to difficulty and nonexistence of accurate and technical tools, the three necessary elements in the strategy and study of existing and forthcoming cyber-physical systems are also explained in the chapter.
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Cyber-physical systems are an emerging trend around the world because of fundamental technological and economic forces. Cyber-physical systems are the primary area where disruptive technologies emerge that create new industries and rearrange the status quo in entire industrial sectors.

Cyber Physical System (CPS) is an engineered system (Bogdan & Marculescu,2011) which features the combination of computations, networking, and physical processes. Physical processes are controlled and supervised by computers using networks; feedbacks are given to the computers controlling the physical process and vice versa. With Cyber Physical System, interaction and estimation are intensely embedded in and physical procedures are interrelated to increase different characteristic and possibilities to physical structures. This means that the software and the system cannot be designed independent of each other. In those systems commercial and communal prospective is superior to what had been projected initially, and throughout the universe primary reservations are exist to enhance this technology. Applications of Cyber Physical Systems include smarter power grid, intellectual transportation, intellectual medical approaches and buildings, supervision of future air transportation, progressive engineering and many more.

The Cyber Physical System is about integration of physical systems processing and interactions to improve quality of product and construct different proficiencies. The Cyber Physical System will change the way people interrelate with planned systems, as like internet helps the people to access with the information. Over the years research companies have engineered powerful system, science, methods and tools. And on the other hand the researchers in computer science have also made innovations in programming languages, embedded system architectures, system software and a variety of powerful modelling formalisms and verification tools. These Cyber Physical System researchers aim to integrate acquaintance and manufacturing principles across the manufacturing and computational disciplines like management, interacting, social contact, concept of knowledge, software. In addition biochemical, electrical, biomedical, mechanized, physical science, software with other manufacturing disciplines to improve novel Cyber Physical System science and supplementary technology.

A huge set of physical procedures of concern to the Cyber Physical System community are summarized in the pyramid foundation (Bogdan & Marculescu, 2011) is shown in Figure 1. Physical processes are expanded through detecting, combination of information and collection which lead to dissimilar composite Cyber Physical System workload. The design of optimal Cyber Physical System architectures is enabled by accurate modelling of workloads which may improve our life.

Figure 1.

CPS community


The Cyber Physical System capacities are modelled through principal calculations that are used in future for defining important various optimization problems to the operators as similar to numerical physics which has been effective in enlightening environment. Moreover a delaying control protocol has been used to condense the traffic broadcast in sensing structure that depends on the status of data collected and also desired estimation error.

As in (Bogdan & Marculescu, 2011) Figure 1 also depicts these experiments and a numerical physics vision is positions out to Cyber Physical System strategy. To solve various current challenges that we look forward, Cyber Physical Systems have to measure and sense various physical activities like change in weather, obtaining heart rate, etc. as shown in the pyramid’s lowest part.

It is critical to propose a strategy that is extremely authoritative and reliable defence structures which are capable of handling terrorist assaults and natural tragedies.

Building Cyber Physical System involves a procedure for monitoring and describing active processes through dissimilar networks of computational and sensing devices. Skill needs to bond the gap between signal processing methods and instantaneous computing to allocate self-organizing control of dissimilar wireless sensor networks and embedded systems. Such a different skill does not rely exclusively on sequence control and reductionism models that signify the standards currently.

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