Dairy Waste Treatment and Utilization: A Treatise

Dairy Waste Treatment and Utilization: A Treatise

Anum Ishaq (Department of Allied Health Sciences, The Superior College, University Campus, Lahore, Pakistan), Ubaid ur Rahman (School of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Management and Technology, Lahore, Pakistan), Muhammad Haseeb Ahmad (Institute of Home and Food Sciences, Government College University, Faisalabad, Pakistan), Amna Sahar (National Institute of Food Science and Technology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan), Qamar Abbas Syed (National Institute of Food Science and Technology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan) and Rashida Perveen (Department of Allied Health Sciences, The Superior College, University Campus, Lahore, Pakistan)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-1966-0.ch007

Abstract

The dairy industry produces waste materials and by-products including soluble and suspended organic substances, wastewater, suspended solids, and whey. These substances contain significant amounts of organic and inorganic toxins that can cause serious health threats if not treated properly. Additionally, toxins produced by dairy waste would negatively affect the environment as well as quality and availability of aquatic resources. However, these waste materials and by-products can be utilized in different ways after proper treatment and processing. This chapter will provide an overview of waste products of dairy industries and highlight different treatments and utilization of these by-products in other industries.
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Wastes Generated By Dairy Industry

The composition, volume and concentration of dairy effluents depends on the production process, type of product, methods used, plant design, extent of water management and the amount of water being conserved. The major wastes of dairy industry include waste water and whey. Characteristics of these effluents and treatment of wastes is discussed in the following lines.

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