Democratic Governance: A Review of Secured Digital Electoral Service Infrastructure

Democratic Governance: A Review of Secured Digital Electoral Service Infrastructure

Leslie Mark Pannir Selvam (Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman, Malaysia), Vasaki Ponnusamy (Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman, Malaysia) and Khalid Rafique (Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Information Technology Board, Pakistan)
Copyright: © 2020 |Pages: 17
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-1851-9.ch013

Abstract

In any democratic nation, electoral processes pave the way to democratic governance. In regards to this, a fully digitized online voting system should be introduced, and governments should invest efforts in studying the possibilities in adopting online voting system to curb the issues mentioned above. In that sense, any user should be allowed to cast his/her vote from any remote location, and the processes should be held in full confidentiality without any intervention or possible vulnerabilities. Therefore, this chapter investigates how governments can learn various initiatives and provide funding to further conduct research and implement such methodologies. The chapter begins by exploring some traditional and current practice of electoral system and further embarks into a review of secured online voting systems that has been proposed by the body of knowledge. The chapter then presents how some countries have adopted this secured online voting systems and giving an avenue to secured digital electoral governance.
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Introduction

The need to develop a secured Digital Electoral Service Infrastructure is nowadays becoming more prominent than ever before. The benefits users and administrators get to experience is overwhelming and not to mention the ease of use when we compare the traditional electoral system compared to a digital electoral system. The concern for the digital electoral system lies in the security aspects of it. With potential breaches, if a digital electoral system is exploited by attackers, it would lead to an enormous political unrest within the nation. A lack of trust in a digital electoral system majorly contributes to why traditional methods are still vastly used till this very day. With most governments thinking it is too much of a risk to take, they opt for the more reliable yet tedious approach that are profound in traditional electoral systems. This brings us to the next crucial element when implementing a digital electoral system, which is cybersecurity. Cybersecurity serves as a protective layer for internet-connected systems. This includes protecting hardware, software and data that makes up the system. Physical security is also required in protecting against unauthorized access to secured data centers. Among the elements we associate with cybersecurity includes application security which ensures that there are no vulnerabilities in the web page or application being used; information security which safeguards critical information of voters; network security in which channels used in the system has to be secured to access the application; data recovery strategies in situations where unforeseen problems arise; operational security where the systems are built without operations which could hinder the grade of security and end-user education whereby voters are given in-depth knowledge on how to operate and navigate within the system.

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