Demonstrating and Communicating the Value of Nuclear Decommissioning to Society

Demonstrating and Communicating the Value of Nuclear Decommissioning to Society

Mark Wareing (Nuclear Decommissioning Authority, UK)
Copyright: © 2012 |Pages: 14
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-1589-2.ch015
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Abstract

The UK Nuclear Decommissioning Authority (NDA) is a Non Departmental Public Body (NDPB) responsible for the remediation of the UK’s civil nuclear liabilities. To secure government funding and demonstrate that the NDA is delivering its mission, it must be able to show that it provides value for money across its estate. Value comes in many forms, such as an improved environment, hazard reduction, changes in sky line, social amenities, money, employment, and so forth. Depending on the perspective of the receiver, and their closeness to the affected area, the weighting placed on the different aspects of value will vary. Therefore, the challenge has been to get a consistent approach that measures value and is broadly acceptable to stakeholders in which different aspects are compared and decisions are made on a national basis.
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1. Introduction

The UK Government through HM Treasury has developed guidance on options appraisal and value assessment which it has published in ‘The Green Book’ (HM Treasury, 2003). This guidance is mandatory on all government departments, or bodies such as the NDA. The Green Book provides clear guidance on how most financial effects should be appraised and the impact of time on these. However, it also states that these are not the only consideration when determining value and that other benefits and detriments should be factored into any analysis.

The Green Book provides a range of examples of benefits and detriments that might be considered and splits these into two types:

  • Tangible benefits and detriments – ie those which can be measured and ideally to which a monetary value can be assigned

  • Intangible benefits and detriments – ie factors that are important and need to be considered but which cannot be readily quantified.

However, the Green Book represents general guidance and cannot cover all aspects of value across all spheres of Government activity. Therefore, it requires individual organisations to develop their own guidance, on what they value and how to measure it.

For most government organisations such as those associated with health, education etc it is relatively easy for the government and the general populace to see what they get for their money as investment generates physical assets and improved services which they are then able to derive direct benefit from using. In the case of nuclear decommissioning the value and benefits of what is being done are far less tangible in that society has already received the apparent benefits from the facilities etc in terms of electricity generation or enhanced security, and therefore all that is seen is the cost. The true benefits of decommissioning are more abstract in that it is the removal of the risk posed by the existence of the facilities, and if the job is done well society will never see the risks realised or experience the associated detriment. Therefore the challenge for the NDA has been how to quantify the avoidance of societal harm in a consistent way that supports decision making but also takes account of the negative impacts that decommissioning activities also entail.

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3. Development Of The Value Framework

The requirement to be able to demonstrate the value of what is being delivered against an investment is not unique to the nuclear industry or even the public sector and therefore the starting point for developing the detail of the value framework was to look at what has been done elsewhere in government organisations in the UK and overseas, as well as within the private sector, and academia. Particular attention was given to organisations dealing with highly emotive and contentious issues such as how to value human life, and those which involved investments to avoid harm rather than deliver a direct benefit such as flood defences (Environment Agency, 2007).

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