Design and Implementation of Monitoring System Using PLC for ICT-Integrated Fish Farm

Design and Implementation of Monitoring System Using PLC for ICT-Integrated Fish Farm

Copyright: © 2018 |Pages: 20
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-2776-3.ch007
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Abstract

The key to a Smart Grid is to manage electric power within the grid efficiently. There are many advantages in building a smart grid but it is useful in using it as an ancillary power grid for the business that can be damaged extensively due to blackout or interruption of power caused by hurricanes at power plants, substations and other related infrastructures. Fish farms in the republic of Korea use a considerable power and suffer a serious loss from a mass stranding caused by power interruptions. This chapter introduces a case study which aims to design a power line-based communication for the fish farms/vertical farms as the cost of constructing an internet network at the farm with UTP cables and other communication equipment is very high. This section includes a designing technique for the entire system and its necessary applications.
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2. Vertical Farm

“Vertical Farm” is an alternative farming system invented by Prof. Dickson Despommier, Columbia University in 1999 to solve the problems of shortages of food and farmlands. This system allows farmers to grow their products regardless of weather conditions by controlling lights, water, temperature and humidity. It's often referred to as a “Plant farm”. For the agricultural sector, the test bed experiments were completed in Japan, US and Europe, where some of their organizations have entered the business stages whereas the livestock sector is actively studying the system with some pharmaceutical companies (Zaballos et al., 2009; Gao et al, 2008; Zaballos et al., 2007; Ropitault et al., 2013).

Figure 1.

Target of vertical farm

Figure 1 shows target of Vertical Farm. This book is focused on selecting the suitable sites. In theory, Prof. Despommier's system can crop thirty times a year in the city area and grow plants as much as one needs no matter what the weather conditions (e.g., droughts, floods and typhoons, etc) (Despommier, 1999; 2009; 2010; 2014).

Left part shows the test bed experiment completed in the Republic of Korea for flatfish and sea cucumber and the right is a diagram of the polyculture system involving both future target species and currently developed species.

This “Future Farming” in the time of abnormal climate changes uses LED lights instead of sunlight and sprinkles nutrient-mixed sprays on the roots instead of soaking them in the water. According to the simulations, it is possible to grow foodstuffs that are enough to feed fifty thousand people with the thirty-story farm.

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3. Design And Implementation Of Monitoring System Using Plc For Ict-Integrated Fish Farm

There have been many cases of mass mortality of fish due to the power interruptions caused by natural disasters, human errors or acts of sabotage by the employees hired by rival companies, discouraging the small and medium-sized fish farmers. Thus, in this book, a system that can monitor the power status of fish farms to cope with such situations is being proposed. The system utilizes both PLC and ICT technologies to respond to crisis.

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