Design of Facility Layout for Industry 4.0

Design of Facility Layout for Industry 4.0

Mirko Ficko (University of Maribor, Slovenia), Lucijano Berus (University of Maribor, Slovenia), Iztok Palčič (University of Maribor, Slovenia) and Simon Klančnik (University of Maribor, Slovenia)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-2725-2.ch005


The concept of Industry 4.0 combines a large number of fully or partly autonomous devices and humans into a system, which is, due to synergies, more flexible and effective than a fully automated system. To reach this objective we have to ensure such facility layout that ensures an efficient transport system which takes into account the large number of participants. The most important design goal is to minimise the path travelled by transport devices. In the case of Industry 4.0 we have two altered conditions: the number of devices (machines, workplaces, storages) connected in one system is substantially larger, and autonomous transport devices and humans have different organisational needs regarding the facility layout. This chapter presents a highly efficient method for preparation of layouts that is based on simplified space and the physical appearance of the system. The design of transportation paths will be subjected to finding the optimum layout of devices to lower transportation costs.
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FLP is one of the most important problems in the literature of production management and industrial engineering, attracting the attention of many researchers in the field of Static and Dynamic Layouts (Hosseini-Nasab, Fereidouni, Fatemi Ghomi, & Fakhrzad, 2018). The FLP is concerned primarily with finding an optimum arrangement of a set of facilities in any layout, subject to certain qualitative or quantitative constraints. The FLPs, like most facility design and planning problems, are computationally non-polynomially difficult (Islier, 1998).

The definition of FLP can depend on:

  • Space presentation. Modern researches try to solve the problem on the level of an actual layout, together with the design of transport paths, and take many constraints into account (shape and size of the available space, minimal distances between neighbouring devices, position of infrastructure, etc.).

  • Cost function definition. Most researches deal with Material Handling Cost (MHC).

  • Static or dynamic material flow.

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