Design of an Open Platform for Collective Voting through EDNI on the Internet

Design of an Open Platform for Collective Voting through EDNI on the Internet

Rubén González Crespo (Pontifical University of Salamanca, Spain), Oscar Sanjuán Martínez (Carlos III University, Spain), José Manuel Saiz Alvarez (Nebrija University, Spain), Juan Manuel Cueva Lovelle (University of Oviedo, Spain), B. Cristina Pelayo García-Bustelo (University of Oviedo, Spain) and Patricia Ordóñez de Pablos (Universidad de Oviedo, Spain)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-2119-0.ch001
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Abstract

The present chapter aims to introduce the construction of a generic platform and open secure voting and multipurpose for the realm of the Internet. This platform will allow for collecting signatures and supporting multiple contexts through the use of electronic IDs and digital certificates. Potential applications of this platform are almost endless but some of the most significant may be: Voting at shareholders meetings, and votes in communities of neighbors, collect signatures, collect signatures for nominations, proposals for ILP (Popular Legislative initiatives), any activity susceptible to need a platform for reliable vote, meetings of parents, collegiate, et cetera. Currently the use of e-government for the identification of persons through digital documents is on rise, and the possibilities it presents are endless. That is why this chapter provides solutions for allowing these uses; it is of general interest for the present society.
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Introduction

An electronic ID emerges as an opportunity to accelerate the implementation of the Information Society in Spain. Through its use, we can ensure our identity through Internet for shopping signed, secure transactions with banks, complete formalities in Public Administration, etc. In addition, we make sure that nobody would supplant our identity. The ID card it is a bet for the security, being the engine of social change that we are positioned between the first posts in the list of the leading countries in the information and communication society (Peña-López, 2011). Today there are many routine procedures that still require the physical presence of a person or group of persons to verify your identity in Spain: voting in communities of neighbors, associations, etc. This solution aims to create a tool to facilitate all these procedures, and reduce costs (UNPAN, 2010), providing a means for citizens to be able to use in their daily procedures. To do this, the solution will allow the introduction and the specification of surveys, as well as the corresponding respondents who are deemed timely. These surveys will be made available to interested parties in the same automatically. Each user may exercise their right to vote in the same, keep in safe their data securely.

The cost of the infrastructure necessary for the functioning of the platform might be insurmountable for an individual user. Therefore, with this solution we intend to give support and advice to users that require a service such as ours. The client user of our tool will be duly with all existing legislation to close to the Organic Law for Data Protection and other applicable laws. In addition, this correct compliance will be completely transparent for the. In this way, we will achieve that users understand the use of the electronic ID as a simple tool that provides advantages such as the acceleration of procedures and security in the same, and no complications.

In addition this idea pursues give a response to the European Directive on the development of the “e-government”. On the internal market of the European Union, the people are able to move freely either for work or for personal reasons, and therefore have to be able to cope with public services outside their country of origin increasingly.

If the e-government services are to provide a significant added value to citizens and businesses, then it is essential that different governmental bodies, both within a country and in different countries in the EU, are able to easily share information and cooperate in the service to citizens (Adeces & Internet Users Association, 2009).

There are various initiatives underway to achieve these objectives, but to give the possibility to citizens to use these resources (such as the electronic ID) for the largest number of possible activities, promotes its use and dissemination.

It is intended in the same way to give a response to the need to eliminate the digital divide and help to digital literacy. The gap in technological development among those nations more visionary and the rest begin to consolidate slowly but inexorably (Figure 1) (Cáceres, 2004). Internet is a technological infrastructure for short life; however, the speed of its development in some nations has led to extend its application beyond the computers and spaces associated with them. This solution will help to increase the use of the technologies associated with internet.

Figure 1.

Development of ICT at the global level

Finally we presume to give an answer to the improvement of the use and development of the Internet as a key strategy for Spain. Access to the Internet by improved in Europe in a spectacular way, both in use and the possibilities of connectivity (Dutton, 2010) (Fernández-i-Marin, 2010).

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