Designing Post-Disaster Supply Chains: Learning from Housing Reconstruction Projects

Designing Post-Disaster Supply Chains: Learning from Housing Reconstruction Projects

Gyöngyi Kovács (HUMLOG Institute, Hanken School of Economics, Finland), Aristides Matopoulos (University of Macedonia, Greece) and Odran Hayes (European Agency for Reconstruction, Ireland)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60960-824-8.ch006
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Abstract

Post-disaster housing reconstruction projects face several challenges. Resources and material supplies are often scarce; several and different types of organizations are involved, while projects must be completed as quickly as possible to foster recovery. Within this context, the chapter aims to increase the understanding of relief supply chain design in reconstruction. In addition, the chapter is introducing a community based and beneficiary perspective to relief supply chains by evaluating the implications of local components for supply chain design in reconstruction. This is achieved through the means of secondary data analysis based on the evaluation reports of two major housing reconstruction projects that took place in Europe the last decade. A comparative analysis of the organizational designs of these projects highlights the ways in which users can be involved. The performance of reconstruction supply chains seems to depend to a large extent on the way beneficiaries are integrated in supply chain design impacting positively on the effectiveness of reconstruction supply chains.
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Empirical Background

The chapter reports the findings of a comparative analysis of two studies of reconstruction housing programs. Study 1 is based on a European Housing Reconstruction Programme in the Kosovo, while study 2 sheds light on a similar Housing Reconstruction Programme in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM).

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