Detecting the Risk of Online Harms on People With Social Orientation Impairments: The Role of Automated Affective Content Screening of Neuro-Response Plasticity

Detecting the Risk of Online Harms on People With Social Orientation Impairments: The Role of Automated Affective Content Screening of Neuro-Response Plasticity

Jonathan Bishop (Crocels, UK) and Darren Bellenger (Crocels, UK)
Copyright: © 2021 |Pages: 15
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-5728-0.ch033
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This chapter proposes automated screening of internet and multimedia communications through a combination of neuroeconomics to measure neuro-response plasticity through forensic phonetics, EEG monitoring, and EigenFaces. These measure neuro-response plasticity through facial differences, including through the eyes, differences in EEG pattern, and prosody in the form of tone of voice. Through describing the ‘Distress in the Mind Test', a computer program is proposed that can be implemented on any device with a camera and microphone and can therefore also be used to diagnose social orientation impariments, such as autism and social phobia. Further development would prevent people with social orientation impairments or whom are otherwise at risk from online harms being exposed to them through automated content filtering.
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The convergence of media content is posing challenges in terms of protecting the vulnerable while also protecting free speech (Wright & Javid, 2019) . Government film rating agencies are inefficient and overly bureaucratic. Regulating abusive online media content, such as Internet trolling, has not been suited to this 'before-the-fact' model. Basing rating on subjective judgements of age appropriateness is also ineffective for the online world, as people will have different maturity for different content at different ages. Internet trolling as a concept has transformed in definition in recent years from classical trolling, which was the posting of messages in a friendly way, to Anonymous Trolling, which is posted to harm others (Bishop, 2014b). Internet trolling messages posted to entertain others can be seen as 'kudos trolling' and that designed to harm others can be seen as 'flame trolling' (Bishop, 2012). But this does not mean all flame trolling is 'bad' and should be punished, nor does it mean all kudos trolling is 'good' and should be allowed. In some forums on the Internet, flame trolling is encouraged, such as the criticism of politicians, bankers, or other people who may be part of a group with dislikeable qualities. The consensual nature of these forums it could be argued should not mean their abusive comments should be prosecutable. Equally not all kudos trolling is designed to be in the interests of people. For instance, a type of online community user called a chatroom bob, will often post friendly comments in order to seduce others, such as a pervert looking to coax naked pictures out of the person, or a sex predator trying to groom a child or other young person (Bishop, July 19 2012).

It is therefore necessary to have a more technical way of looking at online harms through means such as Internet trolling, which could make it easier to regulate online content, so that mature users know what to expect, and Internet security software providers can better produce software with parental controls to avoid the corruption of the minds of those lacking in maturity, or those at risk adults with social orientation impairments such as autism and social phobia. Such people may or may not have been exposed to severe or traumatic content in the past, but either way they less able to cope with it.

Key Terms in this Chapter

Knol: The unit for measuring brain productivity calculated by divinding the number of hours a person is motivated to exert arduous labour by the capacity of their body to work those hours.

Neuro-Response Plasticity: The extent to which the brain can effortly produce a response to a stimulus based on the contents of the mind.

Phantasy: A lesion or other impression on the brain that increases the level of pressure a person has to deal with in performing a task, such as arduous labour.

Involvement: The extent to which a person’s fantasies and phantasies are unbalances (i.e. their cognitions are not consonant) to the point they have to exert a lot of mental effort to achieve what they want to achieve.

Social Orientation Impairment: One of a number of conditions, from autism spectrum disorder to histrionic personality disorder that adversely affects the way a person perceives and respond to the people around them.

Fantasy: Subconsciously encoded responses to the neurotransmited and ingested substances that affect a person’s ability to achieve the things they want to achieve.

Automated Affective Content Screening: A means by which media, whether social media, new media or older forms of media, can be analysed to ascertain the effect they will have on an individual or group.

Flow: The extent to which a person’s fantasies and phantasies balance (i.e. their cognitions are consonant) to the point they lose track of time because they feel they are achiving what they want to achieve.

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