Determining Maximum Load of Passengers and Goods to an Aerotaxi in Southwestern Chihuahua

Determining Maximum Load of Passengers and Goods to an Aerotaxi in Southwestern Chihuahua

Alberto Ochoa-Zezzatti (Juarez City University, Mexico), Alfonso Uribe (Juarez City University, Mexico) and Eder Fuentes (Juarez City University, Mexico)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-9779-9.ch023
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Travel in Chihuahua is a very complicated situation to realize because the distances between land routes is very far because the poor quality of road. The importance of this research is to understand from a Multivariable optimization associated with the path of a group of airplanes associated with an aero taxi company and determine the optimal flight route involve speed, storage and travel resources for determining the cost benefit have partnered with a travel plan, which has as principal basis the orography airstrip restriction, although this problem has been studied on several occasions by the literature failed to establish by supporting ubiquitous computing for interacting with the various values associated with the achievement of the group of airplanes -Cessna 208 Caravan- and their cost-benefit of each issue of the company and comparing their individual trips for the rest of group. There are several factors that can influence in the achievement of a group of Cessna 208 Caravan group for our research we propose to use Bat Algorithm, which has proven to be efficient for the convergence of several issues (artificial bats) when they have such restrictions and obstacles should use this energy to avoid in our case, a gain resource as food which in our case is represented as the use of travel passengers and goods optimally for the duration of a long trip with the uncertainty of not knowing when you have a resupply or reduce this quantity.
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1. Introduction

The Cessna 208 Caravan, also known as Cargo master, is a regional jet / turboprop short-range utility manufactured in the United States by the company Cessna. The standard version has 10 places (9 passengers and a pilot), although a subsequent design according to new regulations of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) can carry up to 14 passengers. The aircraft is also widely used to make connections in freight services, so that goods arrive at smaller airports are transported to major hubs for distribution as in Figure 1.

Figure 1.

A Cessna 208 used to flight with passengers and goods in Southwestern Chihuahua

The concept of the Cessna 208 appeared in early 1980, the first prototype flew on 8 December 1982. After two years of testing and review, in October 1984, the FAA certified the model for flight. Since then, the Caravan has experienced many evolutions. Hand international logistics company FedEx; Cessna produced first the Cargo master, which was followed by an improved and extended version called Super Cargo master and other passengers called Grand Caravan. Practitioners will be free fall boarding a Cessna 208 in the Dutch island of Texel. Currently Cessna 208B offers different configurations to meet the varied market demand. The core 208 can be supplemented with different types of landing gear and can operate in a variety of terrains. Some adaptations include skis, larger tires for unprepared runways or floats with wheels in the case of the Caravan Amphibian. In cabin seats can be placed or leave room for cargo in various configurations. The standard configuration of airline consists of 4 rows of seats 1-2 after two seats in the cockpit. This variant is capable of carrying up to 13 passengers; albeit only lead to 4 longer an operation rentable 1. The cabin can also be configured to a low density of passengers, in combination or alone as a freighter. Some versions include an additional compartment at the bottom to increase the capacity or luggage. In the cockpit, the 208 has standard analog gauges with a modern digital avionics equipped with autopilot and GPS, modern radio and transponder. Cessna currently offers two different packages avionics manufacturers, one of Garmin and other Bendix / King, a subsidiary of Honeywell. Routing problems vehicle (Vehicle Routing Problem - VRP) are actually a broad range of variants and customizations problems. From those that is simplest to some that remain today research as in Barbucha (2013). They generally were trying to figure out the routes of a transportation fleet to service a customer, nowadays including aerial transportation. This type of problem belongs to the combinatorial optimization problems. In the scientific literature, Dantzig and Ramser were the first authors in 1959, when they studied the actual application in the distribution of gasoline for fuel stations. The objective function depends on the type and characteristics of the problem. The most common is to try: minimize the total cost of ownership, minimize total transportation time, minimize the total distance traveled, minimize waiting time, maximize profit, maximize customer service, and minimize the use of vehicles, balance of the resource utilization.

Another considerations to this problem:

  • Design and specification of a hub for a network of high competitiveness flights using a model based on artificial intelligence

Implement an optimal flight routes connecting southern Chihuahua, based on artificial intelligence. This is carried out by the problems in areas governed peoples of Chihuahua, aviando the need for a distribution of runways and determine the center or central distribution aeropista this through flight routes in the aircraft. In communities in southern Chihuahua the problem of air transport between the communities arises even if required to travel to the capital for an emergency either disease so the Aerotaxi basically would Cessna that have flight paths is implemented already established and the optimal connection between each airstrip to avoid the delay and make travel direct to the destination, there are plans of the regional central axis Airport at Hidalgo del Parral in Chihuahua (see location in Figure 2)..

Figure 2.

Airport at Hidalgo del Parral located in Cyan color

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