Developing Cybersecurity Resilience in the Provincial Government

Developing Cybersecurity Resilience in the Provincial Government

Harold Patrick (University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa), Brett van Niekerk (University of Kwazulu-Natal, Duban, South Africa) and Ziska Fields (University of Johannesburg, South Africa)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-8897-9.ch041
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The approach that the organization uses to manage its cyber-risk to its workforce, information, systems, and networks is paramount to ensure sustainability and continuity in the Fourth Industrial Revolution. Improving cyber-resiliency in the organization reduces the chance of future threats and attacks and builds better capability. Cyber resilience involves continuous operations, good governance, and diligence supported by the right security strategy of a computer security incident response team (CSIRT) that can protect government operations and control cyber-risks. CSIRT can build better resiliency at the decentralized provincial government level, and contribute to cyber awareness amongst the workforce, public, and other government departments. A CSIRT can further contribute to resilience to the organization by analyzing the threats and attacks, developing countermeasures for the future in protecting its systems and networks from threat actors.
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South African Government Structure and Spheres

There are three spheres in the South African government namely: (1) National, (2) Provincial; and (3) Local government. National government (National departments’) mandate are developing for policies and developing national standards, norms, and regulations. Provincial government (Provincial departments) are responsible for provincial planning, health, school education, and social grants (Department of Public Service and Administration, 2003, pp. 15 & 17). Provincial departments do not receive any monies for services rendered therefore they are dependent on National department for revenue. Hence, they receive the largest budget allocation from National Department (Department of Public Service and Administration, 2003, p. 30). Local government (Municipalities) functions are to care for providing municipal roads, local amenities, electricity, water, housing and local amenities (Parks and gardens)

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