Development and Evaluation of Cooperative Healthcare Bidirectional People-to-People Exchanges

Development and Evaluation of Cooperative Healthcare Bidirectional People-to-People Exchanges

Anthony Kovac (University of Kansas Medical Center, USA), Alec Hermanson (University of Kansas Medical Center, USA), Kimberly Connelly (University of Kansas Medical Center, USA), Alfred Aidoo (Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital, Ghana), Akwasi Antwi-Kusi (Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital, Ghana), Delia Cantuarias (Instituto Nacional de Salud del Niño San Borja, Peru), Juan Urquizo (Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Neoplásticas, Peru) and Mark Brouillette (Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-3796-1.ch008
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Abstract

Bidirectional, interdisciplinary cultural exchanges result in increased understanding of cultural differences allowing for better international collaboration. The success and sustainability of cooperative agreements depend on regular continued communication with each partner institution, along with a key contact person “on the ground” in each participating country. International efforts represent an exciting beginning of people-to-people involvement in the global quest for improved access to safe surgical, anesthesia, and medical care in developing countries. Academic institutions are uniquely positioned to make a global impact helping others through the bidirectional exchange of education, research, and culture. International efforts can have a recognizable impact on partner locations. All individuals and institutions involved continue to learn from the knowledge and examples of others to further enhance their impact. Continued evaluation and reevaluation are important to improve the experience and achieve the needs and objectives for all involved participants.
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International Training Needs

The landmark Global Surgery 2030 report was the result of input from 110 countries across six continents (Meara & Greenberg, 2015). This commission outlined recommendations, indicators and targets needed to achieve the goal by the year 2030 of “universal access to safe affordable surgical care when needed.” The education, training and workforce focus group of the Global Surgery 2030 initiative concentrated on identifying the scope of the shortage. After understanding existing education and training, the focus group made recommendations on how to effectively increase the quality and quantity of medical and surgical providers.

Key Terms in this Chapter

Sustainability: To put in process the components or concepts needed to support and allow continuation of a program or idea.

People to People: Relating of person to person human-specific individual relationships.

Train the Trainer Educational Expansion: Courses or programs designed to train instructors to enhance further education by creating “new educators” thereby increasing the ability to educate more students.

Cross-Cultural: Contrasting, combining, or pertaining to two or more cultures.

Interprofessional, Interdisciplinary: Involving or combining two or more departments, professions, or disciplines of study.

Memorandum of Understanding, Cooperative Agreement: A written agreement between parties outlining an understanding or agreement for a set period-of-time related to concepts such as education, research, and culture.

Collaborative Partnerships: The bringing together of persons or institutions as partners willing to work together for a common goal.

Bidirectional Exchange: The exchange of items, ideas or individuals between parties that functions in two directions.

Observership: An elective or situation which allows an individual to observe and evaluate ideas, techniques, or methods. No hands-on contact or treatment of patients is involved.

Cooperative Learning Exchange: Working together for the exchange of concepts related to teaching and learning.

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