The Development of National ICT Policy in Kenya: The Influence of Regional Institutions and Key Stakeholders

The Development of National ICT Policy in Kenya: The Influence of Regional Institutions and Key Stakeholders

Timothy Mwololo Waema (University of Nairobi, Kenya)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59904-875-8.ch002
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Abstract

The role that information and communication technologies (ICT) could play in socio-economic development has been recognized by governments worldwide. The most important starting point in most countries is a national ICT policy. In many developing countries, ICT policy development has increasingly become a participatory process. This is largely as a result of implementing policy reforms, with a strong emphasis on governance systems. This chapter is a case study of the development of national information and communication technology policy in Kenya, the influences of regional institutions and their products, and the role of the private sector and civil society. The chapter is based on a study that was carried out by reviewing existing relevant documents and by interviewing key persons involved in national and regional ICT policy in Kenya. The chapter also presents the challenges, conclusions, recommendations, and future research directions based on the case.

Key Terms in this Chapter

IT: Information technology

NEPAD: New partnership for Africa’s development

KCA: Kenya communications act

VOIP: Voice-over Internet protocol

TESPOK: Telecommunications service providers sssociation of Kenya

NCS: National communications secretariat

TKL: Telkom Kenya Ltd.

UNCITRAL: United Nations Commission on International Trade Law

EAP&TC: East African posts and telecommunications corporation

PDNO: Public data network operator

GSM: Global mobile systems

KEPSA: Kenya private sector alliance

ARICEA: Association of regulators of information and communications in Eastern and Southern Africa

CSO: Civil society organization

IGAD: Inter-governmental development authority

VSAT: Very small aperture terminal

CCK: Communications commission of Kenya

G2G: Government to government

UNECA: United Nations Economic Commission for Africa

MPC: Monopolies and prices commission

RTO: Rural telecommunications operator

COMESA: Common market for Eastern and Southern Africa

EARPTO: East Africa regulatory, postal and telecommunications organization

MISD: Micro-information systems department

EAC: East African community

G2B: Government to business

CTRO: Commercial trunked radio operator

UNESCO: United Nations Scientific and Cultural Organization

ICT: Information and communications technology

ESA: Eastern and Southern Africa

KICTANET: Kenya ICT action network

GITS: Government IT services

G2C: Government to citizen

KP&TC: Kenya posts and telecommunications corporation

NGO: Non-governmental organization

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