Development of Attitudes Towards Assessment and Evaluation Course: Brain Breaks® Videos

Development of Attitudes Towards Assessment and Evaluation Course: Brain Breaks® Videos

Bijen Filiz (Afyon Kocatepe University, Turkey)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-3383-3.ch009
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The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of Brain Breaks® videos on preservice teachers' attitudes towards an Assessment and Evaluation course. The experimental group consisted of 47 preservice teachers of the Department of Physical Education and Sports Teacher. The control group consisted of 55 preservice teachers of the Department of Preschool Education. Pre-test-posttest control group experimental method was used. Data were collected using the attitude scale towards Assessment and Evaluation Course in Education. The experimental group watched Brain Breaks® videos and performed physical activity in the Assessment and Evaluation course for 12 weeks. Brain Breaks® videos improved the experimental group participants' cognitive levels and attitudes towards the Assessment and Evaluation course. However, there was a slight negative shift in the control group participants' attitudes towards the Assessment and Evaluation course. Results indicate that Brain Breaks® videos improve students' attitudes towards academic courses.
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A curriculum consists of four elements; (1) goal, (2) scope, (3) educational attainment and (4) assessment and evaluation. The goal is to make sure that students develop certain skills. The Scope involves information that students need in order to achieve certain goals and behaviors. Educational attainment refers to efforts to associate goals with content in order to achieve learning activities. Assessment and evaluation determine whether students have achieved the goals and target behaviors in curricula (Baykul, 2000; Yaşar, 2010). Assessment and evaluation results provide teachers with information on students’ cognitive, affective and behavioral development. Teachers should administer tests to determine whether or not students have achieved target behaviors. To do this, teachers should receive sufficient knowledge of assessment and evaluation from undergraduate and graduate courses.

The assessment and evaluation course is a compulsory course in teacher training curricula. Evaluation is an important component of assessment and evaluation and a process that should be monitored in a planned, systematic and conscious manner. An evaluation process should be carried out in a highly planned and systematic manner to determine the association of behavioral changes with certain criteria and shortcomings and retention of those behaviors (Bilen, 2002). Therefore, preservice teachers should develop positive attitudes towards the Assessment and Evaluation course and learn how to implement assessment and evaluation steps effectively. Appropriate instruments should be used to obtain measurement results during evaluation. Measurement is carried out to quantify the degree to which an object or person possesses a characteristic to be measured (Linn & Gronlund, 1995). Evaluation is, therefore, a wider concept that also includes measurement (Bahar, Nartgün, Durmuş, & Başol, 2015).

Evaluation is defined as a process in which measurement results are compared with a certain criterion to arrive at a judgment (Baykul, 2000; Tan, 2008; Tekin, 1996; Tekindal, 2002; Yaşar, 2010). The accuracy of evaluation depends on the accuracy of measurement results. The basic rule of measurement is putting a variable into measurable terms, creating stimuli necessary for its emergence or choosing between existing stimuli, incorporate the stimulus into the environment and using numbers or symbols to express responses to the stimuli (Tan, 2008; Yaşar, 2010).

Teachers are responsible for all these operations, and therefore, they are an indispensable part of the education system. Assessment and evaluation are performed to determine students’ academic achievement and curriculum effectiveness (Erden, 1995). Teachers should be competent in assessment and evaluation in order to get to know their students, to provide feedback and corrections on learning processes and to determine their students’ academic achievement. The quality of teaching depends largely on that of assessment and evaluation (Çıkrıkçı-Demirtaşlı, 2014). Therefore, the more competent the teachers in assessment and evaluation, the higher the quality of teaching that they provide. Consequently, the more positive attitudes the teachers have towards assessment and evaluation, the more competent they are in it. The effectiveness of the undergraduate Assessment and Evaluation course is an important factor affecting teachers' ability to develop assessment and evaluation skills.

Key Terms in this Chapter

Brain Break: It is a break in education to facilitate learning and remembering.

Prospective Teacher: It is people who are trained to be able to do teaching profession.

Technology: Is the knowledge and ability to make or produce auxiliary tools and tools appropriate to the needs of people.

Measurement and Evaluation Course: It is a course taught at the university that contains the validity, reliability, test development, different substance types, item analysis, and statistical analysis of test results.

Physical Activity: It is the movement of the body to dissipate energy.

Attitude: It is an individual's assessment towards other people and objects.

Brain Breaks® Videos: These are technological videos that enable students to move around the classroom.

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