Development Strategy in the Northern State of Jalisco from the Institutional Perspective

Development Strategy in the Northern State of Jalisco from the Institutional Perspective

José G. Vargas-Hernández (University of Guadalajara, Mexico), Mónica Isabel García Mora (University of Guadalajara, Mexico) and Luis C. Rivera Rosas (University of Guadalajara, Mexico)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-7470-7.ch002
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Abstract

The regionalization process in Jalisco occurred in the nineties leading to the decentralization of regions and formulating a regional development plan for each of them. Currently, despite the measures taken to establish regional plans, it appears that there are disparities in regional development, being the most affected, the North Zone of the State. The aim of this chapter is to analyze a key factor, the ratio of the institutions with the development of the Northern region of the State of Jalisco, with a brief analysis of the role of institutions from economic, political, and social perspectives. The method used is a review of the existing literature on institutional theory and the development of the Northern Zone of Estado. It concludes by stating a strategy to promote the development, evaluation, and strengthening of the institutions involved in this process.
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3. Overview Of The Northern Region Of Jalisco

The Northern Region of the State of Jalisco, is located on the northern tip of the state of Jalisco (ZNEJ). Its territory is equivalent to 10305.46 km2, which corresponds to 12.86% of the total area of the State of Jalisco. Jalisco is bordered on the North by the states of Nayarit and Zacatecas, to the East by the State of Zacatecas, on the West by the State of Nayarit and South, the state of Zacatecas and Municipalities of Jalisco Tequila and Hostotipaquillo. The region includes 10 municipalities: Bolaños, Chimaltitán, Colotlán, Huejúcar, Huejuquilla high, Mezquitic, San Martin de Bolaños, Santa Maria de los Ángeles, Totatiche and Villa Guerrero.

The Northern Region of Jalisco, is one of the regions of Jalisco with more potential and yet the most backward (Romero, 2009). On a very general overview, it is mentioned that the population of the region represents only 1.04% of the state population. The 60% of municipalities in Jalisco are classified as rural and semi-urban 40%. The Northern Region of the State of Jalisco (ZNEJ) has a strong presence of indigenous cultures. According to INEGI (2010) 4 of the 10 municipalities of the ZNEJ, have the highest percentage of indigenous-speaking population of the state, Mezquitic with 75.9% and Bolaños with 64.4%. It follows them the municipalities of Huejuquilla el Alto with 6.5% and Villa Guerrero with 5.5, prevailing culture of the Huichol people in Mezquitic and Bolaños mainly.

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