Devices for Rehabilitation

Devices for Rehabilitation

Jessee Moirangthem (North Eastern Hill University, India), Sateesh Reddy Avutu (North Eastern Hill University, India), Meena Gupta (North Eastern Hill University, India) and Dinesh Bhatia (North Eastern Hill University, India)
Copyright: © 2018 |Pages: 28
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-4969-7.ch003

Abstract

Rehabilitation is an area of focus by experts and researchers from different disciplines owing to the increase in number of various types of disabilities. This chapter covers information relating to causes and need for rehabilitation devices for differently abled people with motor, vision, or hearing impairment. The chapter begins with a brief on the disability population worldwide and in India, and progresses towards presenting available devices in global market and possible improvement that can be made to improve the functionality of the device and in turn improve the quality of life (QoL) of the users. Towards the end of the chapter, a reader can acquire the fundamental knowledge about the different types of disability, suitable aids, and working.
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Rehabilitation Engineering

Disability Data

Many people in the world live with some form of disability. It may either be a temporary or permanent impairment leading to difficulties in quality of living. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the estimated figure of people with disability increased from 10% as reported from 1970s to 15% of the world’s population as reviewed in 2011 factsheet of disability and health (Table 1). As estimated by World Health Survey and Global Burden of Disease that 110-190 million people globally suffer from serious form of disabilities with significant difficulties in functioning (Table 2). The growth in the number of people with disabilities is due to varied reasons such as increase in the number of ageing population, chronic diseases, health conditions, environment and other factors.

According to the Census of India 2011, “Data on Disability”, information on eight types of disability namely sight, hearing, speech, motor, mental retardation, mental illness, any other and multiple disability was collected (Table 3). The report showed that the percentages of disabled population were more in rural areas as compared to urban areas and more in males in comparison to females. Also, the percentages of disabled population in each division showed a significant increase in 2011 figures as compared to 2001 records (Table 1).

Table 1.
Percentage of disabled population to total population, India
ResidencePersons
(In Millions)
Males
(In Millions)
Females
(In Millions)
Total20112.212.412.01
20012.132.371.87
Rural20112.242.432.03
20012.212.471.93
Urban20112.172.341.98
20011.932.121.71
Table 2.
Percentage of disabled population by type of disability, India: 2011
Type of DisabilityPersons
(In Millions)
Males
(In Millions)
Females
(In Millions)
Sight18.817.620.2
Hearing18.917.920.2
Speech7.57.57.4
Motor/Movement20.322.517.5
Mental retardation5.65.85.4
Mental illness2.72.82.6
Any other18.418.218.6
Multiple disorder7.97.88.1
Total100100100

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