Diet Monitoring Software

Diet Monitoring Software

Marion Cottingham (The University of Western Australia, Australia)
Copyright: © 2008 |Pages: 13
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59904-889-5.ch058
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Abstract

Obesity has been a known problem for over 60 years. As early as 1943, Metropolitan Life Insurance Company declared “Overweight is so common that it constitutes a national health problem of the first order.” In 1952, the American Heart association identified obesity as a cardiac risk factor (AHA, 1952). In 1974, obesity was identified as “the most important nutritional disease in the affluent countries of the world” (LANCET editorial, 1974). Over a few decades, the obesity epidemic has continually been creeping up in all developed countries around the world; this has accelerated rapidly in the last decade, and it appears to have reached a crisis level with unprecedented numbers, particularly in America, joining the overweight or obese categories (Anderson, Konz, Frederich, & Wood, 2001; Mokdad, Serdula, Dietz, Bowman, Marks, Koplan, 1999).

Key Terms in this Chapter

Diet: Total combination of food intake.

Minerals: Naturally occurring substance required by living organisms for a healthy diet.

Nutrition: A science to explain the metabolic and physiological responses of the body to diet.

Chronic Disease Risk: Likelihood of contracting a chronic disease, such as diabetes.

Obesity: Excessively overweight.

Overweight: Above average weight.

Body Mass Index (BMI): A measurement used to identify whether a person is overweight or obese.

PCF: Ratio of protein, carbohydrates, and fats.

Vitamins: An organic compound required by living organisms.

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