Digital Healthcare Security Issues: Is There a Solution in Biometrics?

Digital Healthcare Security Issues: Is There a Solution in Biometrics?

Punithavathi P. (VIT Chennai, India) and Geetha Subbiah (VIT Chennai, India)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-8241-0.ch016

Abstract

Digital healthcare system, which is undergoing transformation phase to provide safe, swift, and improved quality care, is experiencing diverse problems. The serious threats to the digital healthcare system include misidentification of patients and healthcare-related frauds. Biometrics is a cutting-edge scientific field which overcomes the weaknesses of password-based authentication methods while ensuring a friction-free user experience. It enables unprecedented authentication capabilities based on human characteristics that cannot be replicated by fraudsters. The growing demand for biometrics solutions in digital healthcare system is mainly driven by the need to combat fraud, along with an initiative to preserve privacy of the patient besides with healthcare safety. This chapter examines how biometric technology can be applied to the digital healthcare services.
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Threats To Digital Healthcare

In the United States (US), healthcare is one of the biggest industries in trillion dollar club. The US has spent more on healthcare per person than any other nation in 2011 (Biometric Identification in Healthcare, n.d.), as per the World Health Organization (WHO). This trillion-dollar industry has always been under threat from malicious intruders as shown in Figure 1, compared to other sectors with huge economy.

Figure 1.

Data Breaches in Various Industries

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