Digital Library Initiatives in India

Digital Library Initiatives in India

Jyoti Gupta (Mody Institute of Technology and Science, India)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-2500-6.ch008

Abstract

Digital libraries play an important and indispensable role in educational and research development of higher educational institutions such as colleges, universities, and institutes of an academic and research nature. The aim of the digital library is to provide instant access to digitized information and consists of a variety of information sources, paper to paperless including multimedia. Digitization implies conversion of documents in text, sound, graphical, or pictorial form into the language of digits (zero and one). Once the information sources are available in digital form, they can then be accessed, distributed, and transmitted easily in almost no time with no cost to the end-users over the global information network. It not only facilitates the library functions but also saves the time, strength, and energy of the users. A databank of digital cultural heritage from libraries, archives, and museums has been established with online service for national and worldwide users. The chapter highlights some features of digital libraries and the Indian Scenario of Digital Libraries.
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Definitions

A digital library to be an electronic collection or virtual resources, which may also be available elsewhere. A digital library may allow either online or offline access to the elements it organizes and houses, and may include multimedia as well as multilingual data.

Borgman further opined that the first research-oriented definition of digital libraries came in 1992 when the phrase ‘electronic library’ was used. The phrase ‘electronic library’ is now used as digital library (Chen, 2003).

Rosenberg defined digital library as one where users access resources by electronic means, and where information is delivered to users electronically.

Gladney et al. defined the digital library as

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