Digital Library and Repositories: An Indian Initiative

Digital Library and Repositories: An Indian Initiative

Bharat Kumar (Management Development Institute, India)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-61520-767-1.ch010
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This chapter discusses digital libraries and repositories. The purpose of this research is to identify digital libraries and repositories in India available in the public domain. It highlights the state of digital libraries and repositories in India. The digital libraries and repositories were identified through a study of the literature, as well as internet searching and browsing. The resulting digital libraries and repositories were explored to study their collections. Use of open source software especially for the creation of institutional repositories is found to be common. However, major digital library initiatives such as the Digital Library of India use custom-made software.
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Historical Overview

Digital libraries have a short yet turbulent and explosive history. A number of early visionaries, such as Lickhder (1965), had a notion of libraries in the future being highly innovative and different in structure, processing, and accessing information through heavy applications of technology. But, besides visionary and futuristic discussion and highly scattered research and development experimentation, nothing much happened in the next two decades. By the end of 1980s digital libraries (under various names) barely a part of the landscape of librarianship, information science or computer science. But just a decade later, by the end of 1990s, research, practical developments and general interest in digital libraries exploded globally.

Borgman’s (1999), discussion of computing vision for digital libraries is a good beginning and understanding the forces and players involved.

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