Digitalization of the Development of the Fuel and Energy Balance of Russia's Northern Territories: Example of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)

Digitalization of the Development of the Fuel and Energy Balance of Russia's Northern Territories: Example of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)

Izabella Elyakova (North-Eastern Federal University, Russia) and Aleksandr Elyakov (North-Eastern Federal University, Russia)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-4601-7.ch018

Abstract

The urgency of the energy budget research practice in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) on settlements with software for effective formation, implementation, management, monitoring, analysis, evaluation, rapid response, and strategic management of the entire complex of the energy budget is substantiated. The chapter reveals the lack of problems of unified methodology for the development of the energy budget and the use of different fundamentals of its preparation. The necessity of using digital technologies to develop a control system for a complex network of production and consumption of fuel and energy resources is rationalized.
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Background

The strategy for sustainable development of regions provides for the prevention and protection from existing and new dangers and threats. All kinds of challenges and threats imply the creation of appropriate security systems, including an energy security system in a particular region, taking into account the development of an integrated system of social, economic and energy security across the country and each territory. One of the priority factors of sustainable social and economic development of the region that determine the life of economic facilities and the standard of living of the population is to ensure its energy security.

Security is the state of an object in the system of its connections in terms of its ability to self-preserve and develop in the face of internal and external threats, as well as the actions of unpredictable and difficult to predict factors (Ilyin et al., 2015). Ensuring the energy security of the region is a primary state task, since it is so important for any state to reliably provide its citizens with heat and light, and to freeze life-supporting facilities without any special threats or dangers, especially in the extreme climatic conditions of the North and the Arctic. Therefore, the State energy policy and Energy strategies for sustainable energy development of the regions and countries are based on a competent compilation of fuel and energy balances of these territories, taking into account the mutual flows of energy and fuel for effective interaction to ensure the reliability of energy supply to consumers.

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