Drought and Food Security in Bukomansimbi District, Uganda

Drought and Food Security in Bukomansimbi District, Uganda

Mbowa Henry Stanley
Copyright: © 2025 |Pages: 15
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-6684-7366-5.ch011
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Abstract

This chapter established the relationship between drought and food security in Bukomansimbi district, Uganda. It employed a cross-sectional survey design with mixed methods data approaches. It targeted 1996, and a sample of 322 respondents was determined by Krejcie and Morgan formulae. The researcher used questionnaires, observation, and interviews to collect data, and analyzed using SPSS to generate descriptive and inferential statistics. Qualitative data were transcribed to generate themes and analysed using content value analysis. Results indicated that drought contributed 38.6% while and other factors accounted for 61.4% to variation of food security; further, temperature had (β= 0.176) while precipitation had (β= -0.572) to food security. It recommends that Bukomansimbi district should devote to activities that sustain weather conditions, natural resource and environment officers should sensitize and equip households with competences in smart agriculture, and the department of agriculture should support farmers with quality agriculture inputs.
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Background

Globally, 800 million people are food insecure and 180 million in Sub Saharan Africa (FAO, 2016). The phenomenon is paralyzed by droughts’ impacts on food security and threatens global vulnerable populations with food insecurity food (Food and Agriculture Organization [FAO], 2016; World Food Programme [WF], 2009; Khalafallah, 2016). This meant that people should have quality and healthier food for their wellbeing. Thus, communities/countries should fight against drought, which might affect food security and its dimensions like food availability, food access, and food utilization (Badolo & Kinda, 2015).

Notably, Africa has over 300 million hungry people but 235 million are in Sub Saharan Africa (SSA) and disadvantaged populations are affected most from food insecurity (Kabasa and Sage, 2009). Findings reveal that Horn of Africa has increased acute malnutrition and deaths due to food insecurity emanating from drought (Kabasa and Sage, 2009; FAO, 2011).

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