E-Commerce in International Franchising

E-Commerce in International Franchising

Ye-Sho Chen (Louisiana State University, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-9787-4.ch042
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Introduction

International franchising is gaining its popularity as a global growth strategy (Justis & Judd, 2002; Thomas & Seid, 2000; Chen & Justis, 2006). For example, the U.S. Commercial Service estimated that China, having over 2,600 brands with 200,000 franchised retail stores in over 80 sectors, is now the largest franchise market in the world (U.S. Commercial Service, 2008). The popularity of international franchising continues to increase, as we witness an emergence of a new e-commerce model, Netchising, which is the combination power of the Internet for global demand-and-supply processes and the international franchising arrangement for local responsiveness (Chen, Justis, & Yang, 2004; Chen, Chen, & Wu, 2006). For example, Entrepreneur magazine – well known for its Franchise 500 listing – in 2001 included Tech Businesses into its Franchise Zone that contains Internet Businesses, Tech Training, and Miscellaneous Tech Businesses. At the time of this writing, 24 companies are on its list. In his best seller, Business @ the Speed of Thought, Bill Gates (1999) wrote: “Information Technology and business are becoming inextricably interwoven. I don’t think anybody can talk meaningfully about one without talking about the other.” (p. 6) Gates’ point is quite true when one talks about e-commerce strategy in franchising. Thus, to see how e-commerce can be “meaningfully” used in international franchising, one needs to know how franchising really works.

Key Terms in this Chapter

Franchisor-Franchisee Relationship Management: The vital factor for the success of a franchise, including: Knowledge, Attitude, Motivation, Individual Behavior, and Group Behavior.

Franchisee Life Cycle: The stages a franchisee goes through in the franchise system: Courting, “We”, “Me”, Rebel, Renewal.

Customer Service Life Cycle: Serving customers based on a process of four stages: Requirements, Acquisition, Ownership, and Retirement. Many companies are using the approach to harness the Internet to serve the customers.

Franchising: A business opportunity based on granting the business rights and collecting royalties in return.

Franchisor/Franchisee Learning Process: The stages of learning, including Beginner, Novice, Advanced, Master, and Professional.

Franchisor: The individual or business who grants the business rights.

Franchisee: The individual or business who receives the business rights and pay the royalties for using the rights.

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