Earth Building Materials, Production, and Construction Techniques

Earth Building Materials, Production, and Construction Techniques

Hamed Niroumand (National University of Malaysia (UM), Malaysia), M.F.M Zain (National University of Malaysia (UM), Malaysia) and Sanaz Naghavi Alhosseni (Amirkabir University of Technology, Iran)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-2842-7.ch005
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Abstract

Building materials and construction technology are strongly interrelated with the pillars for sustainable development (e.g. environment, society economy, culture and politics). Earth Building, an 11,000-year-old practice of building using sustainable and earth materials, is practiced worldwide. Earth has been used to construct walls, floors, roofs, and even furniture. Today it is estimated that between 33-50%of the world’s population is housed in earth homes. This chapter reviews the two-year process of earth buildings and earth architecture carried out by the Department of Architecture Faculty of Built Environment and Engineering at National University of Malaysia (UKM). The current research emphasis is on the types, construction methods, and architectural aspects of earth buildings and earth architecture. The current manuscript compares type of earth buildings and their properties and applications based on building materials and architectural aspects in construction.

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