Eco-Municipalities and Municipal Applications for Sustainability

Eco-Municipalities and Municipal Applications for Sustainability

Seda H. Bostanci (Okan University, Turkey)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-0882-5.ch411
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Abstract

The eco-municipality models and municipal applications for sustainability are criticized for not yet finding a sustainable development model for Turkish municipalities. In the improvement of the sustainable municipality concept, some common decision had been taken and defined the related standards. LA21, EMAS for municipalities, and ISO standards are the examples coming forward. The methodology is based on literature review of experiences of the eco-projects that have been made in municipalities and SWOT analyses for these projects. In Turkey, the first step has been taken in LA21 processes to adopt the eco-municipal approach in transformation. For the further steps, the need for establishing an integrated model among the different applications has been concluded.

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