Economic Models of Migration of Skilled Labor and Preliminary Empirical Evidence

Economic Models of Migration of Skilled Labor and Preliminary Empirical Evidence

Nada Zouag, Ahmed Driouchi, Cristina Boboc
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-9814-7.ch078
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This chapter introduces the major trends that have affected the perception of the migrations of skilled labor. Different models are introduced to capture the impacts of the decisions of skilled emigrants. The last and the more up to date models are the ones related to the new economics of skilled labor migration and its likely positive spillovers into education and research. Attempts to compare the best known models are also pursued in this chapter with preliminary empirical assessments based on some available data. The results attained confirm the promising role of these models of the new economics of skilled labor migration.
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I. Literature Review On Migration Of Skilled Labor

Different approaches to migration have been identified and different assessments have been developed. These approaches are mainly based on the relationship between developing and developed countries with the possibilities of enhancing the likely benefits that can be obtained from this migration. In relation to that, some authors have considered the brain drain to be negative to developing economies while others have been more in favor of negotiated solutions as gains are observed to occur to source countries. This latter literature is now progressively shaping international and national policies.

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