Economic Reforms in the Twenty-First Century: Integration Potential of Spatial Development

Economic Reforms in the Twenty-First Century: Integration Potential of Spatial Development

Marina I. Akhmetova (Perm National Research Polytechnic University, Russia) and Alexandra V. Krutova (Perm National Research Polytechnic University, Russia)
Copyright: © 2018 |Pages: 16
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-3856-1.ch004
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Abstract

This chapter deals on regional specialization and inter-territorial integration. Author's investigation provides an overview of the methodological tools of analysis of the territory's integration potential. The main factors, underlying the integration potential, includes the following: availability of financial and natural resources, and geographical location of the region, transport infrastructure, human and intellectual potential, industry, services and trade development, regional management quality, etc. The authors consider intensity of the inter-regional integration processes by comparing the turnover of wholesale trade and the gross regional product (GDP). The chapter describes the evaluation method of integration potential and integration intensity on the example of the Volga Region: Tatarstan Republic, Perm region, Bashkortostan Republic and Udmurt Republic. Implementation of theoretical and methodological developments may contribute to improving the effectiveness of regional cluster policies in the framework of the spatial development strategy and ensure living standards increasing in the long term.
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Background

Regional integration is one of the forms of interaction between states. In Dobson model regional integration is presented as the most intense form of inter-state interaction, involving common policies (Dobson, 1991). Figure 1 shows how the integration is positioned relative to other forms of interaction. It is clear that integration is the opposite to conflict, and the central place occupies independence.

Figure 1.

Dobson’s “Policy Conflict-Independence-Integration” Spectrum (Dobson, 1991)

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