Education and Altruism and the Competence That Students Do Not Know They Possess

Education and Altruism and the Competence That Students Do Not Know They Possess

Rosa Iaquinta (Università della Basilicata, Italy) and Francesco Milito (Università di Salerno, Italy)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-3476-2.ch044
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Abstract

The term altruism in Italian contains semantic root “other” that means the one who is distinct from itself. Its meaning indicates love towards one's neighbor, more particularly, the attitude of one who directs his work towards the goal of achieving the good of others (or if you prefer, to find the own good in the good of others). Educating the students requires a particular educational-training plan. The school is responsible of this type of education, which is not only necessary within the class, but it is the necessary attitude to face the increasingly complex social problems of our time. The self-centered culture is infusing in everyone the convinction that people do not need a community anymore, promoting the abandonment of feelings, and of the sharing of relationships with the neighbor. The path to take is based on the education to the developmet of pro-socal competences, bringing into play the community as a relationship founded on the research of the common welfare.
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Introduction

The term altruism in Italian contains semantic root “other”, that means the one who is distinct from itself. Its meaning indicates love towards one's neighbor, more particularly, the attitude of one who directs his work towards the goal of achieving the good of others (or if you prefer, to find thier own good in the good of others).

However, altruism is not a widespread attitude in the everyday life people living in the historical moment even if this word often recurs not only in the common language, but also in the language “technical”, such as the political one where it is difficult to find altruistic attitudes despite the widespread use of the term. Training young people on the value and meaning of prosocial attitudes requires special attention, which engage the family and school. The school is widely involved in this type of training, because the scholl class constitutes a “gymnasium”, where it is possible to train and measure the capacity of each student one to promote the good of the class in which he or she is living, but school is also the place where the teacher prepare the young to face social problems, which are characterized by an increasing complexity that affects the different aspects of the life of each individual (Compte, 2015).

In our globalized time every aspect of the life of individuals, both professional and private, is connected with the expectations and interests of life of so many other people, due to the inevitable link of the contemporary world. Therefore privilege as the disadvantage of living in this form of community requires people to be responsible for acting correctly, considering the implications of their choices, whose effects take on wider aspects than those strictly personal and individual, think for example of the problems related to the environment (Dormah, 2018).

However, people are acting in the community feeling less and less connected to each other, although through the use of technological equipment they are virtually always in contact, receiving and exchanging an abundance of information. These possibilities generate a sense of self-sufficiency, allowing you to feel a greater sense of security and capacity in solving any kind of need without the need to lean on someone who can support us (Turkle, 2017).

An egocentric culture is spreading, instilling in people the conviction that they no longer need community help (Bauman, 2001), and this sense of self-sufficiency promotes the abandonment of feelings oriented to the possibility of sharing the joys and sufferings with others.

From this point of view the sense of community is also damaged, it is exposed to the risk of developing forms of isolation and demotivation that people feel, and which could also affect the very adults who have the delicate task of educating, with very dangerous consequences for the formation of the new generations. The path to take is based on the education to the development of pro-social competencies (De Beni, 2000), involving the community in a relationship founded on the pursuit of common well-being.

Bringing young people’s attention to the importance of altruistic attitudes is a necessity, it arises from the deep crisis that characterizes modern society, whose indicators of emotional malaise, isolation and aggressive attitudes are increasingly common in both young and adult life.

It is therefore necessary to pay greater attention to empathic skills for the new generations, due to signs of social alienation and individual forms of desperation, If unchecked, they could lead to deeper lacerations of the social fabric (Decety & Ickes, 2011).

The interest in the subject stems from the desire to explore the implications and behavioural consequences of educating new generations towards forms of solidarity and participation. . The work concentrates on the importance of altruistic attitudes in social life.

The subject of the work is not yet adequately explored, except by philosophy. It is a recent pedagogical research trail. The theoretical frame of reference is, therefore, gradually being constructed.

Poor results the literature of the sector.

Key Terms in this Chapter

Education: Methodical conferral or learning of intellectual and moral principles, valid for certain purposes, in accordance with the needs of the individual and of society.

Educational Design: An activity designed by the teacher that allows to transform what is definable as cognitive activity into material and conditions.

Group Class: Set of students who live in the same environment and are linked each other as members belonging to that environment.

Empathy: The ability to place oneself immediately in the state of mind or in the situation of another person, with no or little emotional participation.

Altruism: Lively inclination or love towards one’s neighbour, which results in active participation in the resolution of problems, difficulties and needs of others.

Aid Report: A report in which at least one of the two players aims to promote growth, development, maturity and the achievement of an adequate and integrated way of acting. The other can be an individual or a group.

Participated Listening: Suspend your activities to devote yourself to another person with a voluntary act participating in your life situation.

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