Educational Activity Suggestion System of Children With Pervasive Developmental Disorder for Guiding Education and Training Staff Activities

Educational Activity Suggestion System of Children With Pervasive Developmental Disorder for Guiding Education and Training Staff Activities

Duygu Çelik Ertuğrul (Eastern Mediterranean University, North Cyprus) and Atilla Elçi (Aksaray University, Turkey)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-5384-7.ch008

Abstract

Individuals with pervasive developmental disorders should be supported with special education programs that are planned according to the type and degree of the disorder, age, characteristics, and needs of the individual. Search over internet resources may provide suitable educational material and methods (and associated activity/game). However, syntactic search in today's static-based internet is insufficient to offer desired relevant results. An intelligent system able to identify the needed educational methods and material with the help of semantic web-based agents will not only contribute to the development of individuals with disorders, and support education specialists in this process, but also be extremely useful for the families of these individuals in assisting and monitoring their child's developmental progress. In this chapter, an agent-based educational activity suggestion system of children with pervasive developmental disorder for guiding education and training staff activities is proposed.
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Literature Background

Internet and domain-related software are the most important means of deciding on the choice of educational activity for the individuals with PDD to help them adapt to society. Yet, often wrong or imperfect educational methods or activities are offered to parents and specialists because the current Web system and its search engines are designed for human understanding instead of machine understanding. Therefore, they are not conducive to semantic search of the data (Holmes & Willoughby, 2005).

Key Terms in this Chapter

Ontology: It is a formal naming and definition of the types, properties, and interrelationships of the entities that really or fundamentally exist for a particular domain of discourse. It is thus a practical application of philosophical ontology, with a taxonomy.

Semantic Web: The semantic web is an extension of the world wide web through standards by the world wide web consortium (W3C).

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