Effect of Additives on the Performance and Emission Attributes of Diesel Engines

Effect of Additives on the Performance and Emission Attributes of Diesel Engines

Shanmuga Sundaram. N. (SVS College of Engineering, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham University, India) and Sivakumar Muthusamy (KSR College of Engineering, India)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-2539-5.ch004

Abstract

Automobile vehicles are the main sources of environmental pollution, especially those with diesel engines. They cause a number of health diseases and harm to the ecosystem. Biofuels are a suitable alternative fuel for IC engines which have potential to reduce engine emissions with more or less equal performance of the petroleum fuels. Though Biodiesel is suitable for Diesel engines, it suffers with high density, lesser calorific value, high fuel consumption and increased emissions of nitrogen. However, additives minimize the deteriorating factors of the Biodiesel and maintain the international pollution norms. Many different types of additives are used with the diesel and (or) biodiesel to enhance performance and to improve its quality. The researchers conclude that the use of additives along with diesel and biodiesel improves the performance and reduction in emission. This review discusses effects of additives with diesel and biodiesel on the performance and emission characteristics of Diesel engines.
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Introduction

Table 1.
Nomenclature
ASTMAmerican Society for Testing and MaterialsDMCdimethyl carbonate
BPbrake powerDTBPdi-tertiary butyl peroxide
BSFCbrake specific fuel consumptionEHNethyl hexyl nitrate
BTEbrake thermal efficiencyEVAethylene vinyl acetane
BHAbutylatedhydroxyanisolETBEetilterbutileter
BHTbutylatedhydroxytoluenceHChydro carbon
COcarbon monoxideIANiso-amyl nitrate
CFPPcold filter plugging pointNPAAnonylphenoxyl acetic acid
CNTcarbon nanotubesNOxoxides of nitrogen
DEEdiethyl etherTBHQtert-butylhydroquine

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