Electronic Voting Application Powered by Blockchain Technology

Electronic Voting Application Powered by Blockchain Technology

Geetanjali Rathee (Jaypee University of Information Technology, India) and Hemraj Saini (Jaypee University of Information Technology, India)
Copyright: © 2021 |Pages: 17
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-3444-1.ch011
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Abstract

India is the largest democracy in the world, and in spite of that, it faces various challenges on a daily basis that hinder its growth like corruption and human rights violations. One of the ugliest phases of corruption and political mayhem is visible during the election process where no stone is kept unturned in order to gain power. However, it is the common citizen who suffers most in terms of clarity as well as security when it comes to his/her vote. Blockchain can play a very important role in ensuring that the voters registering their votes are legit and the counting of votes is not manipulated in any way. It is also needed in today's times where the world is available to people in their smart phones to also give them the opportunity to register their votes hassle free via their smart phones without having to worry about the system getting hacked. Therefore, in this chapter, the proposed layout will be based on a smart contract, using Ethereum software to create an e-voting app. In this chapter, the authors have proposed a secure e-voting framework through blockchain mechanism.
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Introduction

Lately, Blockchains have pulled in overall consideration. A Blockchain is characterized as an immutable, successive chain of records called blocks. The record can contain transactions, documents or some other information, and are fastened together utilizing hashes (Iansiti & Lakhani, 2017; Crosby et al., 2016). It is executed and overseen by a peer-to-peer network of computers (also called peer nodes) spread everywhere throughout the globe. Blockchain likewise called distributed ledger which utilizes independent PCs (nodes) to record, share and synchronies transactions in their particular electronic ledgers, rather than keeping information incorporated on a server as in a customary record.

Figure 1.

Schematic outline of e-voting using Blockchain

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