Emerging Approaches to Data Management for a New Geospatial Science Research: The Essences and Methodologies of Data Matter Perspective

Emerging Approaches to Data Management for a New Geospatial Science Research: The Essences and Methodologies of Data Matter Perspective

Joyce Gosata Maphanyane (University of Botswana, Botswana), Read Brown Mthanganyika Mapeo (University of Botswana, Botswana) and Sethunya Simela (University of Botswana, Botswana)
Copyright: © 2018 |Pages: 33
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-3440-2.ch019
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Chapter 19 and Chapter 20 are on the emerging approaches to data management for a new geospatial science research. This chapter gives the essences and the methodologies of data matter perspective, and it has two sections; Section A highlights the subject theme; the essences of geospatial science data matter; while Section B expands that into the geospatial science data methodologies. Chapter 20 is the about the data management optimization perspective. It has only one section; Section C, that develops further the essence and methodologies of geospatial data cultivated in these two previous sections. The whole analytical discussion is in the emerging fields and how they had optimized and totally changed the geospatial science data management panorama.
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In the last decade; the world of information communication and technology (ICT) has been optimized greatly with innovations for speed, efficiency, accessibility, connectivity, and relative accuracy in the geospatial research work. These emerging technologies include visualization, data science, and data science methodology, big data, cloud, the Internet, web mapping, artificial intelligence, neural networks, global positioning systems (GPS), national spatial database infrastructure (NSDI) and cellular phones. What has also changed is how coordinates are captured, and world’s horizontal and vertical referencing systems are formulated. The world referencing system of 1984 (WRS84), Continuously Operating Reference Stations (CORS), the international reference frame (IRF), the African Geodetic Reference Frame (AFREF) form part of the major innovation which has tremendously increased the precision of the GPS three-dimensional coordinates measurement of any place on Earth. The measurement of the datum that defines the position of the spheroid relative to the centre of the Earth has been refined as well. Technical development on all aspects of ICT; people, organizations, computer hardware and software, communication, and data also play a vital role. This chapter puts all these developments into perspective, and their applications in the geospatial science research highlighted, and their importance ranked accordingly.

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