Emerging Information Technology Scenarios and Their Contributions in Reinventing Future Healthcare Systems: Applications and Practical Systems for Healthcare

Emerging Information Technology Scenarios and Their Contributions in Reinventing Future Healthcare Systems: Applications and Practical Systems for Healthcare

Reyana A. (Nehru Institute of Engineering and Technology, India), Krishnaprasath V. T. (Nehru Institute of Engineering and Technology, India) and Suresh A. (Nehru Institute of Engineering and Technology, India)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-3591-2.ch001
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Abstract

Critical health information is gathered, compiled, and analysed from image scanning, laboratory testing reports, health trackers, etc. Healthcare requires a support of real-time digital information for effective decision making. As industries bring better care to consumer health systems, providers achieve their goal in delivering better diagnosis and efficient treatment to consumers. This chapter contributes to the major health components—content, infrastructure, analytics, communication, and interfaces—forming the core of all health IT. The challenge is further exaggerated on the current issues related to health data and the contribution of IT systems in healthcare management. Further, the scenarios on intelligent care systems that are capable of early diagnosis are described. This impacts the future of global healthcare services by rapidly increasing the development and bridging the gap between the personal and relevant datasets creating a new era in the world of healthcare.
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Introduction To Major Health Components

Examination and evaluation of parameters that affects patient’s well being regarding intellectual, physical, social, emotional, environmental, spiritual, cognitive and nutritional wellness in patients life is the health history. This is required to identify health care deviations for reporting wellness improvement occurred or needed. The health aspect’s is the person’s wellness leading to a healthy life. Many international organizations like World Health Organization work towards educating people embracing healthier life changes. This chapter contributes on the major health components like content, infrastructure, analytics, communication and interfaces forming core of all health IT. The challenge is further exaggerated on the current issues related to health data and the contribution of IT systems in healthcare management. Further the scenarios on the intelligent care systems that are capable on early diagnosis are described. This impact the future of global healthcare services rapidly, increasing the development of bridging gap between the personal and relevant datasets creating new era in healthcare stated by the author Friedman (2012). The new perspective in health IT in improving healthcare services, clinical decision making, collaborative work using artificial intelligence, groupware, etc is the current perspective in the context of healthcare services. Thus quality display of health data, error free decision on clinical diagnosis, quality image compression, digitization and other techniques yield the essential knowledge required to guide clinical services enhancing future healthcare services. To achieve healthiest lifestyle these components are needed to be taken into consideration. Health and wellness go hand in hand; to live a long healthy life it is necessary for one to understand these components. The major components of health history (figure 1) are summarized below:

Figure 1.

Wellness Components

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Intellectual/Mental: the inner strength to maintain proper discipline and face reality in fighting against illness.

Physical: based on our daily actions one can judge the functioning of our human body. Exercise, diet plan, weight maintenance, drug and alcohol avoidance keep us free from diseases. This is probably an important aspect, being active adding years to life. Also, physical health reduces anxiety and depression. Activities like running, swimming, walking, dancing, playing shall strengthen your muscles. Some people exercise regularly which increases the serotonin and nor epinephrine levels active for depression relief. Regular exercise improves skin tone; strengthen bones, reducing chronic diseases. Thus physical wellness indicates flexibility and strength. Taking care on own health, attention to minor illness, knowledge on common medication practices are also concerned with physical wellness.

Social: temperament with friends, relatives and dear ones. A study conducted has proven that social isolation leads to obesity. To maintain social wellness it is necessary to handle issues without violence.

Emotional: the positivity like supportive and encouraging attitude towards others as depicted in figure 2. Emotional health possesses the ability to recognize reality and go along with the daily life demands. Treatments for depression and mental disorders like extreme anxiety, schizophrenia are available today.

Figure 2.

Positivity for Wellness

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Environmental: the air, water, food and atmosphere around us speaks on the air purity, hygiene and nutritional diet practiced. To maintain good health good working environment and healthy living influence one’s life.

Spiritual: moral and ethical values, dignity and harmonious temperament towards surrounding people helps in dealing tough situations in life like death, financial hardships, etc.,

Cognitive: brains ability to carry out functions like judgments, memory power, learning new language improves cognitive health. Playing puzzles, watching TV, reading crossword, social interactions are some of the activities that can be undergone.

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