Emerging Trends and Opportunities for Industry Development at the Sub-National Level in Russia

Emerging Trends and Opportunities for Industry Development at the Sub-National Level in Russia

Leyla A. Gamidullaeva (Penza State University, Russia), Natalia S. Merkulova (Kursk State University, Russia), Ludmila I. Kryachkova (Financial University Under the Government of the Russian Federation – Kursk, Russia), Zoya A. Kondratieva (Financial University Under the Government of the Russian Federation – Kursk, Russia), Yulia A. Efimova (Financial University Under the Government of the Russian Federation – Kursk, Russia) and Sergey V. Matukin (Penza State University, Russia)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-7625-9.ch017

Abstract

The authors believe that the transition to Industry 4.0 will have a strong impact on the level of urbanization in Russia. The level of urbanization is influenced by many factors, which include the level of economic development of the country, migration of the population, natural and climatic conditions. The highest level of urbanization is typical for industrialized regions. This suggests that it is necessary to develop industry and move to Industry 4.0. The purpose of this chapter is to show the relationship between urbanization and Industry 4.0, as well as to increase the level of knowledge about digital production, the internet of things, the Industry 4.0, and urbanization. The chapter explains the role of Industry 4.0 in the current changing environment. The chapter deals with the most important problems and opportunities of the fourth industrial revolution.
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Background

Contributions to the development of the digital economy have been made by foreign researchers such as Stephen M. Mutula (2010), Ari-Veikko Anttiroiko (2008), Georgios Doukidis, Nikolaos Mylonopoulos, Nancy Pouloudi (2003), Ionica Oncioiu (2013), Elena Druicã (2017).

The use of digital economy in industries has been reflected in the science. In the world of scientific literature, this area of knowledge is presented with such authors as: Nikolaos Mylonopoulos (2003), Bob Ritchie, Clare Brindley, Pedro Isaias (2017), Di Francesco Virgilio (2017), Ionica Oncioiu (2017), Elena Druicã (2017).

However despite the large number of works devoted to digital economy, the specifics of applying it in different industries haven’t been given due attention. Innovation and the impact of the digital economy on society provided the theoretical and practical approaches for its development, increasing the awareness of understanding the term “digital economy” and what advantages there are to ensure the information technologies and innovations as basic resources. The publication of Elena Druicã (2017) focuses on rethinking of classical economic theory in the context of new technologies, information and innovation that makes her publication the best research for economists and social researchers, academicians, professionals and practitioners. In the opinion of Ionica Oncioiu (2017) digital technologies support an important tool in the modern economy business. As the economy continues to change, companies are looking for solutions for the expansion and development of its organization.

In the information economy, handling and the exchange of information and knowledge are the basis of its activities. The U.S. economy, works well, because it was due to the revolutions in the field of information technology (IT), which influenced the growth, employment, inflation, and labor productivity. Fundamental factors, driving growth in these new economies include technological innovations, e-commerce and digital conversion, higher education and skills in the IT field, open trade and a balanced budget. According to Pedro Isaias, digital economy is the main driving force of change, innovation and competitiveness for different companies and entrepreneurs. Study of the development of these initiatives can be used as a basic tool for future business success (Isaias, 2017).

Key Terms in this Chapter

C2C: Is a term that refers to the scheme of electronic commerce between final consumer (consumer) and the end-user, in which the buyer and seller are entrepreneurs in the juridical sense of the word.

B2C (Business-to-Consumer): Is a term that refers to the commercial relationship between the business and the private, the so-called “end” consumer; also a form of electronic commerce, the purpose of which is direct sales to the consumer.

ICT: Is information and communication technologies.

B2G (Business-to-Government): Is the relationship between business and the state. Usually the term is used for the classification of e-commerce sites. An example B2G-systems can serve as a system of electronic procurement.

Digital Economy: Is economic activities, based on the digital technologies related to e-business and e-commerce, produced and marketed their electronic goods and services. Payments for goods and services are often produced by electronic money.

B2B (Business-to-Business): Is a term that defines the type of information and economic interaction, classified by type of interacting actors, in this case juridical persons which deal with the other business.

E-Commerce: Is the scope of the economy which includes all the financial and trade transactions, carried out with the aid of computer networks, and business processes related to such transactions.

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