English Speaking Countries and the Culture of Fear: Understanding Technology and Terrorism

English Speaking Countries and the Culture of Fear: Understanding Technology and Terrorism

Maximiliano Emanuel Korstanje (University of Palermo, Argentina)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-1938-6.ch005
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The direct intervention or full-scare led wars are ideologically legitimized by the needs of bringing the ideals of American democracy, liberty, freedom and mobility. However, at the bottom, this globalized culture of fear hidden dark interests associated to exploitation. Paradoxically, these types of interventions suggest that terrorism needs the use of force, but in so doing, impotence and deprivation surface. Undoubtedly, Anglo and Latin worlds have created, according to their cultural matrices, diverse tactics to adapt to environment, as the form of understanding the future. While Anglo-countries developed a fascinating attraction to risk and future, the sense of predestination alludes to what today has not occurred yet. Technology only helps to mitigate the temporal effects of uncertainty triggered by the orientation to future.
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Undoubtedly, English speaking countries have developed high technology, digital information to pose as the main powers of contemporary world. Dotted with a machinery of war, adjoined to consolidated economies and democracies, England seems to be situated as a global empire, even collapsed its hegemony after 19s century. In fact, this chapter explores the connection of English speaking cultures with risk perception, a deep-seated matter which merits to be studied. Over years, England has successfully imposed not only to its colonies the right of trade and the language, but forged a culture of fear, which persists to date. To set an example, at time of keying the word disaster in google reaching almost 151.00.000 records. If we go to Spanish “desastre” this cipher is limited to 60.000 records. This evident contrast between Protestant and Catholics seems to be one of the aspects that captivated our attention in this essay review. At some extent, the following tables summarizes how prone to risk Anglo Saxons are.

Table 1.
Entries on Google
Disaster / Desastre19.500.000151.000.000
Risk / Riesgo83.200.000527.000.000

As the previous backdrop, it is important to add that in England, United States or Australia, there is a lot of programs, doctorates and Research-department associated to risk perception or terrorism, while the same does not apply for Spanish-related nations as Argentina, or Mexico. Therefore, the importance of risk perception in English speaking countries not only is an interesting point of convergence which was never checked, but also reveals the intersection of technology to prevent surrounding threats. This suggests likely Weber was in the correct side when confirmed that Protestants developed a frightening culture resulted from the rise and consolidation of predestination doctrine. If the Mediterranean cultures, coined the Latino-archetype, were based on piety and sacrifice, the Anglo-countries have deposited on the future much expectative. Equally important is to discuss why some countries are risk-oriented, while others are not, as well as the role played by some cultures as leaders of technology while others are excluded. As explained, Weber`s legacy inscribed into a gap between Protestant and Catholic cosmologies. The protestant logic would be determined by the sense of predestination (Weber, 1964; 1995; 1958). The roots of capitalism are based on the stimulation of competence among citizens, who devote their resources to show themselves they are special (Fromm, 2005). At a first glance, As Coleman puts it, the lack of certainness respecting to salvation led Protestantism, unlike other religious waves to develop a strong attachment to politics (Coleman 2013).

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