Enhanced Information Retrieval Evaluation between Pseudo Relevance Feedback and Query Similarity Relevant Documents Methology Applied on Arabic Text

Enhanced Information Retrieval Evaluation between Pseudo Relevance Feedback and Query Similarity Relevant Documents Methology Applied on Arabic Text

Sameh Ghwanmeh (Yarmouk University, Jordan), Ghassan Kannan (The Arab Academy for Banking and Financial Sciences, Jordan) and Riyad Al-Shalabi (The Arab Academy for Banking and Financial Sciences, Jordan)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60566-616-7.ch004
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Abstract

Information retrieval systems utilize user feedback for generating optimal queries with respect to a particular information need. However, the methods that have been developed in IR for generating these queries do not memorize information gathered from previous search processes, and hence cannot use such information in new search processes. Thus, a new search process cannot profit from the results of the previous processes. Web Information Retrieval systems should be able to maintain results from previous search processes, thus learning from previous queries and improving overall retrieval quality. In this chapter, we are using the similarity of a new query to previously learned queries. We then expand the new query by extracting terms from documents, which have been judged as relevant to these previously learned queries. Thus, the new method uses global feedback information for query expansion in contrast to local feedback information, which has been widely used in previous work in query expansion methods. Experimentally, we compared a new query expansion method with two conventional information retrieval methods in local and global query expansion to enhance the traditional information system. From the results gathered it can be concluded that although the traditional IR system performance is high, but we notice that PRF method increases the average recall and decreases the fallout measure.

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