Enterpreneurial Incentives, Obstacles, and Management in University-Business Co-Operation: The Case of Indonesia

Enterpreneurial Incentives, Obstacles, and Management in University-Business Co-Operation: The Case of Indonesia

Firmansyah David (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, The Netherlands), Peter van der Sijde (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, The Netherlands) and Peter van den Besselaar (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, The Netherlands)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-0097-1.ch024
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Abstract

The study in this chapter aimed to explore the perception of university managers and academics towards incentives and obstacles of university-business co-operation. For this purpose, case studies were conducted in a public and a private university in Indonesia. Data was collected through semi-structured interviews with university managers: University Vice President and the Head of Research and Community Service Office; and with academics at the department of electrical engineering and computer science. The results suggest that both organizational actors at both universities share a common perception that industrial funding; organizational and individual reputation; trust from industries and applied research are the incentives in the creation of university-business co-operation; whilst bureaucracy, industrial commitment, different in vision and orientation, teaching obligation and basic research have been considered as the obstacles. This study proposes a managerial implication. University managers should ‘recognize' the ‘skills' of individual academics in business before engaging them in university-business co-operation. Furthermore, individual academics should able to manage the different vision and orientation with the business world.
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Background

University-business co-operation has been discussed in a variety of channels and models (Rossi, 2010; Freitas et al, 2013). Such co-operation has been driven by personal or informal interaction (Link et al. 2007; Ponomariov and Boardman, 2008; Grimpe and Fier, 2010; Franco and Haase, 2015); and the formal ways including patents and licensing (e.g., Thune and Gulbrandsen, 2011). In conjunction with these channels in which university-business co-operation is driven, scholars have identified the incentives and obstacles of this collaboration. These can be summarized under three main categories:

  • 1.

    Resources and facilities,

  • 2.

    Personal relationship and institutional issues, and

  • 3.

    Research and teaching.

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