Environmental Problems of Delhi and Governmental Concern

Environmental Problems of Delhi and Governmental Concern

Mohd. Yousuf Bhat (Government Degree College, Pulwama, India)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-3576-9.ch008

Abstract

Delhi, the capital city of India, which is the concern of this chapter, has its own significance as it is the seat of governance, learning, and the healthcare service provider. Capital cities though inhabit people from every region and tend to be overcrowded, but in Delhi, the situation is not only the nature of a capital city, but also the industrial and commercial centre of high order in the northern zone of India, which is creating a number of environmental problems, such as air and water pollution, slum development, congested housing, etc. The chapter discusses all causes of Delhi's environmental problems like atrophy of political will, mismanaged urbanisation, court interventions, etc., and finally, the chapter tries to find out possible solutions in a detailed manner keeping in view the measures taken by other countries like China to deal with such problems.
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Growth And Development Of Delhi

Delhi has been evolving since the 10th century B.C. and 17 Delhi's have so far come and gone in various locations within an area covering six by twelve miles. Gerald Breese in his book “Urban and Regional for the Delhi - N. Delhi area, Capital for conquerors and Country” published in 1974, has given the chronological order of development of Delhi (Table, 1).

Table 1.
Chronological order of development of Delhi: seven-seventeen Delhis’
OrderDateName of SettlementFounders SitePresent Probable Site
I1900 B.C.IndraprasthaYodhistraPurana Quilla
21020 A.D.Suraj KundAnang PalNear the road linking Mathura Road and Mehrauli Road by the same name.
31052Lal KotPrithviraj ChauhanNear Qutab site
41180Quilla Rai PithoraPrithviraj Chauhan
51288KilokheriMuir-ud-din Kaiquabad
II61301SriAlauddin Khilji
(1295-1315)
Near Hauz Khas
III71321-1323TughlaqabadGayasudin Tughlaq
(1321-1325)
On the link road connecting Mathura Road and Mehrauli Rroad near QutabMinar
81325AdilabadMohd.Tughlaq
(1325-1351)
Near Tughlaquabad
IV91327AdilabadMohd.TughlaqBetween Siri and Raipithora
V101354FerozabadFerozshahTughlaq
(1351-1388)
Near Feroz Shah Kotla Stadium
111415KhirabadKhira KhanNo trace
121425MubarakabadMubarakshahNo trace
VI131530 (1533)Dinpanah
and
Sher Garh
Humayun
(1530,1538, 1555-1556),
Left incomplete; completed by Shershah Suri (1538-1545)
Purana Quila
VII141638Shahjahanabad (1638-1649)Shahjahan
(1628-1658)
Old Delhi
(walled city)
151912 (1911)DelhiBritish capitalNorth of Walled City Shajahanabad;
Old (Civil lines) Secretariat etc.
161931 openedNew DelhiBritish capital Designed by Lutyenes and BakerCentral vista, Connaught Place and near about area
17Aug. 15, 1947- dateNew DelhiCapital of free India subsequently designed by T.P.O. T.C.P.O. and DDADelhi Urban Area

Source: Gerald Breese (1974) “Urban and Regional for the Delhi - N. Delhi area, Capital for conquerors and Country”

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