Equidistance: Evidence of the Influence of Parking Organization on Mode Choice

Equidistance: Evidence of the Influence of Parking Organization on Mode Choice

Guenter Emberger (Technische Universität Wien, Austria) and Paul Pfaffenbichler (Technische Universität Wien, Austria)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-2116-7.ch006
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The chapter will provide empirical evidence how parking organization (location, number and pricing policies of parking spaces in urban areas) influences the mode choice of transport system users. Following from that, the presently applied practice of parking space modelling within existing transport models will be presented and discussed critically. It will be shown which influence on transport demand the different parking space instruments have in existing 4-stage models (FSM) and where flaws and errors in the transport demand and mode choice estimation can occur. Finally, potential improvements how to overcome these afore mentioned shortcomings are presented and the impacts on future transport planning and transport policy formulation towards sustainability will be introduced.
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Why Is Parking Organization So Important For The Mode Choice Of Individuals?

Another important steering instruments besides congestion is the organization and much more important the location of parking spaces for cars. It is common sense in transport planning that every trip either made by public transport or by car starts and ends with a walking trip. Therefore the distance to (origin) and from (destination) the parking space (car trip) or to/from the public transport stop plays a dominant role within the intra personal mode choice.

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