Ethics in Research and Teaching: Ethics for Academics

Ethics in Research and Teaching: Ethics for Academics

Deniz Zaptcioglu Celikdemir (Yasar University, Turkey)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-7259-6.ch003

Abstract

The chapter aims to explain the importance of ethics in research and teaching. First, it focuses on ethical studies. It expresses the implications that are necessary for a study to be ethical. The researcher has a vital role in conducting an ethical research. There are some critical points, which the researcher should take into account. For each field, various research methods are used. Therefore, different ethical codes and implications should be adapted in accordance with the research method in order to have ethical studies. In addition to research ethics, researchers also have a responsibility as an author to share his/her research with others by publishing it. Unethical behaviors such as fabrication, falsification, plagiarism will be explained. Lastly, a lecturer is responsible for giving lectures, teaching, and assessing the students. For a lecturer to assess its students fairly, s/he should be ethical. The lecturer should provide ethics in teaching.
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Concepts Regarding Ethics And Ethical Behavior

Ethics

Ethics is always considered as a difficult concept to define since the concept can have different meaning in accordance with the related area. It is used interchangeably with morality. However, they are totally different concepts.

According to Webster’s Online International Dictionary, ethics is defined in various sentences as mentioned below (Webster’s Dictionary, 2018):

“ the discipline dealing with what is good and bad and with moral duty and obligation, “ a set of moral principles ”, “ a theory or system of moral values”, “ the principles of conduct governing an individual or a group”, “ a guiding philosophy ”, “ a consciousness of moral importance ”, “ a set of moral issues or aspects (as rightness) ”

Most of the definitions in the literature refer to Webster’s online dictionary’s (2018) description which states “”ethics as principles or standards of moral behavior that are accepted by society as right vs. wrong”. Ethics is considered as the study and philosophy of morality and moral acts whereas morality is described as the attempt depending on ideas of right or wrong that is defining a personal character and a system (Velasquez, 2001).

Key Terms in this Chapter

Experimental Research: It is a method which is used in psychology, sociology, and medicine. It aims to understand the causal relationship between variables within the use of manipulation and controlled testing.

Unethical Behavior in Research: Unethical behaviors are behaviors which should be avoided to have an adequate research. These can be listed as plagiarism and misconduct or research.

Morality: Morality directs the individual’s behavior and acts and is shaped by the society and its norms in which the individual is part of.

Ethics: Ethics can be described as the philosophy of morality and universal guidelines which leads to right behavior that is accepted as a norm.

Research Methods: Research methods aim to determine the causal relationship between variables or understand the reasons lies underneath the behavior.

Ethics in Teaching: For lecturers or teachers to be ethical in teaching profession, they should be fair to every student by using efficient diversity management and avoiding favoritism or race, gender, ethnicity differences.

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