European Energy Alternatives and Turkey's Compatibility

European Energy Alternatives and Turkey's Compatibility

Selma Aytüre (Yıldırım Beyazıt University, Turkey)
Copyright: © 2019 |Pages: 26
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-4203-2.ch006

Abstract

Energy is an issue of strategic importance to the European Union and Turkey. Both are dependent to the outside. EU is the world's largest energy importer and second largest energy consumer after the United States. Turkey's alignment with the EU's energy policy is extremely important for EU in terms of increasing the diversity and quality of its energy resources. Turkey's strategic location makes Turkey a land of passage for transporting oil and gas to Europe. This geopolitical importance is an important opportunity for both sides. In this chapter, EU's position on energy in the world has been explained first. Then the energy situation and energy policy in EU has been examined. Secondly, Turkey's energy policy and compatibility to EU together with complementary role to EU on Energy has been presented.
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European Union’S Place In The Energy World

The European Union is one of the top players in the world. In terms of production, the biggest country is China (18.1%), and the EU ranks 7th (5.6%), below the United States, the Middle East, Asia, Russia and Africa (Table 1). The EU’s production decreased from 1995 to 2015, while world production was on the rise. This amount was 966 Mtoe in 1995, and 771 Mtoe in 2015.

Table 1.
World energy production by region (Mtoe)
199520002005201020152015 (%)
EU-289669509098407715.6%
China1 0641 1291 7072 3162 49618.1%
United States1 6591 6671 6311 7232 01914.6%
Middle East1 1371 3241 5161 6191 88413.7%
Asia*8159221 1051 3431 56811.4%
Russia9689781 2031 2791 3349.7%
Africa7748851 0871 1731 1188.1%
Rest of the World1 8802 1762 4302 5752 60118.9%
World9 26310 03211 58812 86913 790100.0%

Source: EU Energy, Statistical Pocketbook, 2016, 2017

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