Evaluating HRM Functions within the Context of Chaos and Complexity Theory

Evaluating HRM Functions within the Context of Chaos and Complexity Theory

Ayşe Gözde Gözüm (Ufuk University, Turkey)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-0148-0.ch017
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Chaos theory moots that consequences can be predicted in a system of deterministic thinking. Moreover, in general, chaotic systems can be accepted as random as they are predicted. Of course, the prediction depends on how the dimensions are clear. As chaos theory is applied for social sciences, many related studies were done on business management and to its functions. However both the studies on chaos theory and human resources management are satisfactory in numbers, studies on the relationship between these two are scarce. This paper provides a review of literature that underlines the basic principles of chaos and complexity theory, and the functions of human recourses management. In addition to this common practices of human resource management functions will be discussed in the context of chaos and complexity theory. During the text, the question of how HRM can be explained with chaos theory will be answered. It is aimed to fill the gap in the area with showing the connections between two levels of reality. Then, the study was designed to serve the daily business life with is discussions.
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Chaos Theory And Complexity

According to Kaneko and Tsuda (2000); in physics, chaos is a type of unpredictable motion generated by deterministic equations, and the rules which generate chaos are sometimes called chaotic dynamical systems besides since the studies by Pointcaré from the end of 19th century till the beginning of 20th century the concept of chaos has been an expanding field at the forefront of academic research. For theoretical physicists the revolution started with chaos which is a purely mathematical concept (Baranger, 2002, para. 1) and was adapted to all other disciplines.

Chaos is an ancient word originally denoting a complete lack of form or systematic arrangement, but now often used to imply the absence of some kind of order that ought to be present (Lorenz, 1993). The word “chaos” simply originates from a Greek word and its everyday meaning is “a state without order” (Nagashima & Baba, 1999). Briefly; chaos theory is the very name suggests a paradox (Smith, 1998). Chaos can be a property of very simple systems that until recently it was widely believed that the kind of complication which now is associated with chaos, and which could be observed in many places in the real world, had to be due to the interactions of large numbers of independent variables, which would make the problems very difficult to be solved by any method (Baranger, 2002, para. 17)

Key Terms in this Chapter

Chaos: Chain of events of connected actions which precisely adherent to the initial condition.

Union: An organization that protects and promotes common interests of its members.

Salary / Wage System: Monetary remuneration which is paid to the employees.

Chaos Theory: Study of deterministic behaviours that depend on initial conditions in physical, natural and social sciences.

Training: Giving information or instructions to employees in order to improve the performance.

Complexity: A characteristic of systems which emerge with nonlinearity and uncertainty.

HRM: Human Resource Management.

Human resource management: The process of managing employees.

Staffing: Selecting and orienting employees for specific job functions.

Organization: A social unit of people with a particular purpose.

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