Evaluation of the Criteria Used in the Selection of Renewable Energy Sources With the Plithogenic PIPRECIA Method

Evaluation of the Criteria Used in the Selection of Renewable Energy Sources With the Plithogenic PIPRECIA Method

Alptekin Ulutaş (Sivas Cumhuriyet University, Turkey) and Ayşe Topal (Nigde Omer Halisdemir, Turkey)
Copyright: © 2022 |Pages: 17
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-6684-2472-8.ch005
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The use of fossil fuels has decreased compared to the past due to the gradual depletion of fossil fuels and the greenhouse gases emerging in their use. As a result of this decrease, many countries have turned to alternative energy sources instead of fossil fuels. The most popular energy sources among these alternatives are renewable energy sources. Compared to fossil fuels, renewable energy sources cause little or no harm to nature. While renewable energy sources differ according to the countries, it is necessary to determine the most optimal renewable energy source for countries. In the literature, the most optimal renewable energy source selection has been made many times, and while this selection is made, multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) methods are generally used. In these studies, the most optimal renewable energy source was selected by considering multiple criteria. In this chapter, criteria that are frequently used in the literature will be evaluated with the Plithogenic PIPRECIA method. In addition, the most important criterion will be determined.
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Literature about RES selection decision problem has been reviewed. In the first paragraph, studies globally focusing on RES selection has been reviewed. In the second one, RES selection studies undertaken in Turkey has been assessed.

Key Terms in this Chapter

Air Pollution: Air pollution is caused by any material that contaminates environment and modifies the natural qualities of the atmosphere negatively.

Pollution: Pollution occurs when toxins are introduced into the natural environment and cause harm.

Sustainable Development Goals: The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are a collection of 17 interrelated global targets aimed at ensuring that everyone has a better life in the future. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) were created in 2015, with the intention of fulfilling them by 2030.

Plithogenic PIPRECIA: A method formed by the combination of PIPRECIA, which is one of the MCDM methods, and Plithogenic aggregators.

Energy Resource: A source of energy is anything that can generate heat, power life, move items, or generate electricity.

PIPRECIA: Compared to the SWARA method, it is an MCDM method that can be used effectively in group decision-making problems.

Plithogenic Aggregators: They are used to aggregate decision makers' judgments (neutrosophic numbers).

Fossil Fuel: It is a type of fuel that is created in the soil from the decomposition of plants or animals. Fossil fuels include coal, oil, and natural gas.

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