Evolution of Enterprise Resource Planning

Evolution of Enterprise Resource Planning

Ronald E. McGaughey (University of Central Arkansas, USA) and Angappa Gunasekaran (University of Massachusetts—Dartmouth, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-61692-852-0.ch102
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Business needs have driven the design, development, and use of the enterprise-wide information systems we call Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) systems. Intra enterprise integration was a driving force in the design, development, and use of early ERP systems. Changing business needs have brought about the current business environment, wherein supply chain integration is desirable, if not essential, thus current and evolving ERP systems demonstrate an expanded scope of integration that encompasses limited inter-enterprise integration. This chapter explores the evolution, the current status, and future of ERP, with the objective of promoting relevant future research in this important area. If researchers hope to play a significant role in the design, development, and use of suitable ERP systems to meet evolving business needs, then their research should focus at least in part on the changing business environment, its impact on business needs, and the requirements for enterprise systems that meet those needs.

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