Examples of Applications and Study Cases

Examples of Applications and Study Cases

DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-1916-5.ch014

Abstract

The chapter presents examples of applications and study cases of platforms of geospatial decision support systems for national public policies and strategies. The rapid progress of internet with the combination of GIS has paved the ways for web distribution of spatial data. Users can access the spatial data through a Web-GIS website, make thematic maps, and perform all types of spatial queries and analysis. In the context of an increasing emphasis on decentralized planning, the need for collection and dissemination of data at local levels has been increased. Use of the web as a dissemination medium of geographic data in the form of interactive maps can be regarded as a major advancement in digital cartography and opens many new opportunities, such as real-time maps, cheaper dissemination, and decentralized sharing of geographic information.
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Background

Using a holistic approach, the SDG, seek to radically transform economies and societies across the globe via such important goals as poverty eradication, industrialization of economies, creation of decent jobs for all and reduction of inequalities.

ECA conducted a study to deepen reflection on “achieving the SDGs through development planning (CEA, 2019).

The study report recall the role, importance and key success factors of development planning and review the experiences of countries of Central Africa in the area. Also, the report review the operationalization of planning frameworks by exploring best practices in respect of policy-making and reform in the area of industrial policy and by determining whether such practices have existed in Central Africa.

Moroco case study is based on one of the main lessons drawn from the report; that development planning was decisive in achieving the SDGs.

Atlases present a synthesis of the spatial data and contain collections of complex, high quality maps, created from combinations of geographical datasets. An important aspect of atlases is that a considerable effort has been put into making the information comparable: the same level of generalization is applied, data has been collected for similar reference periods, using standard classification methods, class boundaries and legend colours…

Nowadays atlases are more and more produced using digital, but still traditional tools: graphic design software and stand– alone visualisation toolkits. And even though these result in products that can be of excellent quality and usability in themselves, they are also on themselves: They lack the interoperability and connections with the wider digital world outside that we come to expect in this age of Spatial Data Infrastructures (SDIs).

Territorial Observatories and Geoportals are offering an alternative to this limitation s in the context of Spatial Planning (Bajmócy, Z., Lengyel, I., 2009)Alois Kutscherauer, A., 2010).

Morocco’s effort in boosting economic growth through new well focused plans and programmes is used to provide some case studies on linkages between Observatories Geoportals and Public Policies.

From a knowledge based approach: these plans can be divided into three categories:

  • Sector specific plans which have KE ingredients imbedded (Industry, Agriculture, Fishery, Tourisme, Energy, Territorial Planning, Habitat...)

  • Function specific plans that address directly the pillars of the knowledge Economy (Education: 2009-2012, the Maroc Innovation plan, and Maroc Numeric 2013), and

  • Territory-specific (Related to the implementation of previous plans at a territorial level

These series of sector development strategies and plans are parts of a vision for the country’s modernization, but their outcomes are not yet tangible enough, as revealed by independent evaluations, and the country is seeking for a new Development Model.

A Number of indicators data are available and analyzed, compiled and published by many organizations which supports governments, local authorities and civil society to develop thematic indicators, data and statistics.

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