Experiencing the Functionality of Mathematical Indigenous ICTs on Community Development: A Case of Farm House Dairy Product

Experiencing the Functionality of Mathematical Indigenous ICTs on Community Development: A Case of Farm House Dairy Product

Kgomotso G. Garegae (University of Botswana, Botswana)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-2071-1.ch012
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Abstract

The use of Information Communication Technologies (ICTs) in agriculture is fundamental to rural development especially in the 21st century (Rashid, et al., 2007). This chapter thus illustrates the use of an indigenous technology using the case of Madila production in a Dairy House Farm at Molapowabojang, a rural village in Southern District of Botswana. The Dairy House Farm started production in 2002 with the aim of producing both fresh and sour or curdled milk (Madila). Although traditionally madila was for subsistence family consumption, the use of community-compatible ICT, namely, sieve like plastic bag, natural sun beam and cooling system made from a wooden shelter, combined with modern machines such as milking machines (milk tubes attached to the cow’s udder) have enabled the Dintwa family to convert the practice into commercial industry.
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Background

The Dairy House Farm (Figure 1) showcased in this chapter belongs to a family, Mr Batshwari Dintwa and his wife Lucy. They embarked on this project in January 2002 through the help of Citizen Entrepreneurial Development Agency (CEDA).

Figure 1.

Part of entrance to Dairy House Farm

CEDA is a government initiative grant scheme to help Botswana engage in entrepreneurship with the goal of diversifying the country’s economy (Republic of Botswana, 2007). The Farm is located in Molapowabojang, and it occupies 25 hectares of land. It houses about 100 herds of cattle, of which 50 were being milked at the time of the research.

Molapowabojang is one of the villages in the Ngwaketste Sub-district with a population of about 5 000 and 19 associated localities with 2 600 people. It is a typical rural area in the sense that both arable and pastoral farming are practiced. Although it experiences lack of rain like some parts of the country, pastoral and subsistence farming are a norm. It is, for example, the culture among Batswana to rear cattle for meat, fresh milk, madila and skin but not for commercial purposes. Recently, cattle industry has now grown to be commercialized and this industry has attracted many who otherwise could be concerned about white collar jobs. This turn of events has come with the extensive use of ICT in the sector, example of which is the Dairy House Farm which belongs to Mr and Mrs Dintwa and is located at Molapowabojang, about 4 km from the center of the village.

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