Exploring Gender Differences in Computer-Related Behaviour: Past, Present, and Future

Exploring Gender Differences in Computer-Related Behaviour: Past, Present, and Future

Robin Kay (University of Ontario Institute of Technology, Canada)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59904-774-4.ch002
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Abstract

This chapter explores gender differences in three key areas: computer attitude, ability, and use. Past research (10-25 years ago) is examined in order to provide a framework for a more current analysis. Seventy-one studies and 644 specific measures are analysed with respect to overall patterns, time, education level, and context. Males and females are more similar than different on all constructs assessed, for most grade levels and contexts. However, males report moderately more positive affective attitudes, higher self-efficacy, and more frequent use. Females are slightly more positive about online learning and appear to perform somewhat better on computer-related tasks. The results must be interpreted with caution because of methodological limitations in many studies reviewed. Finally, a model is proposed to understand and address gender differences in computer-related behaviour.

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