Fairness and Regulation of Violence in Technological Design

Fairness and Regulation of Violence in Technological Design

Cameron Shelley
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-2931-8.ch013
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The purpose of this article is to explore how the design of technology relates to the fairness of the distribution of violence in modern society. Deliberately or not, the design of technological artifacts embodies the priorities of its designers, including how violence is meted out to those affected by the design. Designers make implicit predictions about the context in which designs will perform, predictions that will not always be satisfied. Errors from failed predictions can affect people in ways that designers may not appreciate. In this article, several examples of how artifacts distribute violence are considered. The Taylor-Russell diagram is introduced as a means of representing and exploring this issue. The role of government regulation, safety, and social role in design assessment is discussed.
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2. The Taylor-Russell Diagram

The Taylor-Russell (T-R) diagram was invented by the psychologists Taylor and Russell to help analyze the validity of scholastic aptitude tests, such as the modern SAT (Taylor & Russell, 1939). This section provides a brief overview of the T-R diagram using the analysis of the SAT as an illustration.

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