Feasibility of Implementation of Solar Bottle Bulb in Urban Slums of India

Feasibility of Implementation of Solar Bottle Bulb in Urban Slums of India

Akshay Maggu (Institute of Management Technology Ghaziabad, India) and Jaideep Garg (Institute of Management Technology Ghaziabad, India)
Copyright: © 2015 |Pages: 16
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-8259-7.ch017


Reach of undisrupted electricity is a perennial problem that is faced by urban slums in India. Through this chapter, the authors aim to study the feasibility of implementation of a ground breaking idea that will help in fighting this problem in a cost effective way and that has already been implemented in Philippines on a large scale. Further, given the present scenario of development in India, this chapter also tries to focus on the ways in which this product can be introduced on a commercial level covering one slum at a time. Also, this chapter revolves around the usability and identification of the most suitable and cost effective way to implement this idea in the desired target group. The chapter ultimately hopes to drive its readers to find the best solution to the proposed problem.
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Urban Slums In India: The Target

Approximately 68 million Indians are living in slums[b], according to a government census in 2011. One in six urban Indians lives in slum housing that is cramped, unclean, not properly lit even during the day. The report prepared from data collected for 2011 national census looks at urban slums in around 4000 towns across India. The electricity being used in these households are mostly illegal – electricity supplies.

Three types of slums have been defined in Census, namely, Notified, Recognized and Identified.

  • i.

    All notified areas in a town or city notified as ‘Slum’ by State, Union territories Administration or Local Government under any Act including a ‘Slum Act’ may be considered as Notified slums.

  • ii.

    All areas recognised as ‘Slum’ by State, Union territories Administration or Local Government, Housing and Slum Boards, which may have not been formally notified as slum under any act may be considered as Recognized slums.

  • iii.

    A compact area of at least 300 population or about 60-70 households of poorly built congested tenements, in unhygienic environment usually with inadequate infrastructure and lacking in proper sanitary and drinking water facilities may be considered as Identified slums. (See Figures 4 & 5: Slum reported towns & slum wise population in India)

Figure 4.

Number of statutory and slum reported towns with type wise slum population

Figure 5.

State Share of Slum population to total slum population of India

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