Food Consumption Patterns in Romanian Economy: A Framework

Food Consumption Patterns in Romanian Economy: A Framework

Zaharia Marian (Petroleum-Gas University, Romania) and Aniela Balacescu (“Constantin Brâncuşi” University of Târgu Jiu, Romania)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-0341-5.ch016
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Abstract

The chapter covers both the evolution of yearly average consumption, for the main food products and beverage, and the evolution of daily average food consumption expressed in calories and nutrients, per inhabitant. Also are presented and analyzed the evolutions of total expenditure of households, on main categories of households (employees, farmers, unemployed, pensioners), and grouped by number of component persons, in Romania compared to similar data from the EU28. Are highlighted the trends of percents of total consumption expenditure of households for ago-food products, non - alcoholic drinks and for beverages and tobacco, and the structure of total expenditure of households, by deciles. Starting from these are also analyzed correlations with total income of households, by main categories and by number of component persons. The analysis covers a period of 10 years and covers the years before the economic crisis, its impact and the characteristics of the post crisis on food and beverage consumption structure by main categories of households.
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Background: Food Consuption Between Tradition And Modernity

Development of transnational retail chains and free movement of people and labor and the development level of education are factors that lead to reducing the differences between consumption patterns of the population. The differences are still significant.

Numerous studies on food consumption patterns relates in particular to countries with problems of ensuring food resources (Goyal & Singh, 2002). But there are a number of studies concerning food consumption patterns in Europe. They present both comparative analysis across countries, regarding to the preference for purchasing domestic products compared to foreign ones (Moritz, Ornella & Hannah, 2015) as well as studies regarding to food consumption patterns at the country level (Hossain, 2000Stanciu, 2010, Szigeti & Podruzsik, 2011).

The process of European integration, a process that is still ongoing, aims besides the convergence of levels of education and socio-economic development as a whole, and homogenization of ways of production and preparation of food and beverages. Gracia and Albisu (2001), based on the study of consumption patterns and the factors that determine consumer choices, conclude that there are significant differences between consumer preferences which causes fragmentation of the market for food and beverage products. Such fragmentation is manifested not only between European countries but also within them.

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